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Technical Paper

Selecting the Spot Welding Condition of Multi-Layer Vehicle Structure

An automobile's structure is generally connected by spot welding the sheets together. Sometimes more than three layers of sheets can be used in a certain location for spot welding due to the limits of design conditions. Static strength and the fatigue life characteristics can be changed according to the welding conditions, which depend on the material, the thickness, and the number of sheets. Setting the appropriate conditions of multi-layer spot welding can be determined by analyzing static strength and fatigue life. For converting multi-layer spot welding to that of twofold layer with equal strength, the converting method can be suggested from static and fatigue test results. The increasing rate of static strength is larger than that of fatigue life, so it is reasonable to use fatigue life for limit condition.
Technical Paper

Recycling of Automotive Tail Lamp Assembly

A new recycled material has been developed by using the scrap of tail lamp assembly, made of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) for the lens and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene terpolymer (ABS) for the housing. Lamp scrap was extruded in a twin-screw extruder, and mechanical properties of the scrap were compared with ABS, PMMA, and an ABS/PMMA (60/40) blend. The recycled material from 100% tail lamp scrap has similar modulus to the 60/40 blend, however, notched Izod impact strength and thermal resistance were lower than that of the blend, probably due to the presence of hot melt adhesive and silver paint. Scrap/virgin polymer mixtures showed improved thermal resistance and impact strength. The effects of composition and type of mixed polymer on mechanical properties were also investigated.
Technical Paper

Fatigue Failure and Reinforcing Method of Spot Welded Area at the Stage of Vehicle Development

Vehicle body structures are formed by thousands of spot welds, and fatigue failure of vehicle structures occur near the spot welds after driving a long way at a durability test road. It is necessary to know accurately the reason of the fatigue failure of the spot weld in the developing stage in order to reinforce it. Many investigations have been done regarding the strength of spot welded joints, contributing to understand its fatigue strength. In the developing process, a fatigue failed spot welded area can be repaired by CO2 welding or another method to continue the test. To know the effect of reinforcing these welds, several methods of welding were analyzed and compared to spot welding. With the results of this test, the appropriate repair method can be used instead of spot welding during the development of a new car and the best design guide can be given for the strength.