Advanced Emission Control Technologies for PM Reduction in Heavy-Duty Applications
1 In this paper results obtained with different particulate matter (PM) reduction technologies are presented. Diesel oxidation catalysts (DOC) are well known as a reliable PM reduction technology which can efficiently remove the soluble organic fraction (SOF) but which has no effect on the solid particles in PM. A drawback is that in combination with high sulfur fuel, oxidation of SO2 to SO3 by the DOC can occur, resulting in an increase of PM emissions. An alternative technology that is proven to significantly reduce soot emissions comprises diesel particulate wall-flow filters. High filtration efficiencies of up to 90% and beyond are feasible. The main obstacle is the combustion of the trapped soot. As shown in this paper, the application of a catalyst coating to the filter aids the filter regeneration by lowering the balance-point temperature. The main disadvantages of wall-flow filters are an increase in back-pressure and possible plugging caused by oil-ash accumulations.