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Technical Paper

Flight Optimization Model on Global and Interval Ranges for Conceptual Studies of MEA Systems

In development of more electric aircraft applications, it is important to discuss aircraft energy management on various level of aircraft operation. This paper presents a computationally efficient optimization model for evaluating flight efficiency on global and interval flight ranges. The model is described as an optimal control problem with an objective functional subjected to state condition and control input constraints along a flight path range. A flight model consists of aircraft point-mass equations of motion including engine and aerodynamic models. The engine model generates the engine thrust and fuel consumption rate for operation condition and the aerodynamic model generates the drag force and lift force of an aircraft for flight conditions. These models is identified by data taken from a published literature as an example. First, approximate optimization process is performed for climb, cruise, decent and approach as each interval range path.
Technical Paper

System Concept Study of Electrical Management for Onboard Systems

With the growth in onboard electrification referred to the movement of the More Electric Aircraft, or MEA, and constant improvement in ECO standards, aircraft electricity load has continued to soar. The airline and authors have discussed the nature of future aircraft systems in the next two decades, which envisages the further More Electric Aircraft or the All-Electric Aircraft, or AEA, concept helping provide some effective aviation improvements. The operators, pilots and maintenance crews anticipate improved operability, ease of maintenance and fuel saving, while meetings depends for high reliability and safety by electrification. As part of initial progress, the authors approach the methodology of energy management for aircraft systems.
Technical Paper

Aircraft Secondary Power System Integration into Conceptual Design and Its Application to More Electric System

Aircraft designers determine the optimum aircraft configuration to meet performance requirements. Aircraft secondary power systems are very important for aircraft operation, however, traditionally these systems have not been considered in detail while the aircraft configuration and specifications are preliminary studied. Therefore, we constructed an aircraft conceptual design tool considering the many aircraft systems. Furthermore, we applied this design tool to a simple design problem taking into account two different kinds of secondary power system architectures (i.e. the conventional bleed air system and the more electric system), and discussed how the introduction of new aircraft systems affects results. Although the present method is theoretical and conceptual with limited applicability, the effect of the aircraft's secondary power system upon the concerning aircraft specifications was made clear both for the bleed air system and the more electric system.
Technical Paper

Power Management System for the Electric Taxiing System Incorporating the More Electric Architecture

With airlines increasingly directing their attention to operating costs and environmental initiatives, the More Electric Architecture for Aircraft and Propulsion (MEAAP) is emerging as a viable solution for improved performance and eco-friendly aircraft operations. This paper focuses on electric taxiing that does not require the use of jet engines or the auxiliary power unit (APU) during taxiing, either from the departure gate to take-off or from landing to the arrival gate. Many researchers and engineers are considering introducing electric taxiing systems as part of efforts to improve airport conditions. To help cut aircraft emissions at airports, MEAAP seeks to introduce an electric taxiing system that would reduce the duration for which engines and APUs operate while on the ground. Given this goal, the aircraft electrical system deployed for use at airports must rely on a power source other than the jet engines or APU.