Experimental Evaluation of Reduced Kinetic Models for the Simulation of Knock in SI Engines
Downsizing by turbo charging is a current approach for the reduction of fuel consumption of Spark Ignition (SI) engines. For downsized engines compression ratio has to be set as high as possible to achieve substantial gains in thermodynamic efficiency. Unfortunately, the possibility to take full advantages offered by downsizing is limited by knock phenomenon, which imposes constraints both on supercharging and compression ratios. Quasi-dimensional and multidimensional simulation can play a role of increasing importance for the design and the optimization of future engine prototypes more and more based on advanced combustion concepts, provided that well proven tools for knock simulation may be available.