Experimental and Modelling Study of Cold Start Effects on a Cu-Zeolite NH3 Selective Catalytic Reduction Catalyst
Microreactor, engine bench tests and modelling studies have been carried out to understand the influence of cold start (low temperatures) on the performance of NH3/urea-SCR automotive exhaust aftertreatment systems. Water storage experiments using Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (STA) coupled with numerical modelling demonstrated that the exo/endo-therms associated with water adsorption and desorption at temperatures below 150°C strongly influence the catalyst temperature. Appreciable amounts of NO and NO2 could be stored on the catalyst during reactor or engine testing in the absence of any NH3 (blank tests). Modelling studies at different inlet NO2/NOx ratios demonstrated some of the influences of these surface adsorbed species on the performance of the SCR system during cold start.