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Technical Paper

Stability Control of Motorcycle

We developed active control more suitable for sports riding than the previous electronic stability control system for enjoying sports riding by many users. One of them, the traction control system S-KTRC (Sports Kawasaki TRaction Control) uses the sensor output like not only the slippage calculated from the front and rear wheel speed but also engine speed, throttle position, and gear position etc. As the result, conditions of the motorcycle and rider's intention are calculated by ‘Motorcycle model’ in the ECU continuously. By this ‘Motorcycle model’, S-KTRC confirms the real time conditions and predicts the succeeded condition, every 5milliseconds to decide to govern torque. The ABS system KIBS (Kawasaki Intelligent anti-lock Brake System), it is possible to control the rear wheel's lift by using the pressure data of the front brake at the sudden braking operation.
Technical Paper

Application of Air Fuel Ratio Control to a Motorcycle with Dual Oxygen Sensor

At the upstream part of the Three-Way Catalyst (TWC) an O₂ sensor (UpO₂S) is used for O₂ Feedback Control (O₂F/B) that controls the air-fuel ratio (A/F) close to the stoichiometric level. O₂ sensor has a bit of individual characteristic difference as for the switching the excess air ratios of output (λ shift). This phenomenon becomes remarkable according to the effects of unburnt elements in exhaust gas. Despite the O₂F/B implementation, A/F isn't controlled to the stoichiometric level and the conversion efficiency of the TWC could be lower. Maintaining a higher level of TWC conversion efficiency requires more accurate A/F control and corrections of the UpO₂S λ shift issue. Therefore, using an O₂ sensor at the downstream part of the TWC (DownO₂S)~where the effects of unburnt elements in exhaust gas are smaller~can be an effective way to restore these challenges.
Technical Paper

Advanced Environmental Control System (The 2nd Part)

The Advanced ECS is under development for the purpose of saving fuel, improving safety, and cabin comfort. In FY2006 study, basic components (i.e. MDC, OBNOGS, desiccant units, and CO2 removers) have been improved and their performances evaluated including resistance to environmental condition (i.e. vibration). In addition, the suitable system configuration for a 90-seats aircraft has been considered to evaluate the feasibility of the system. In this paper, we show the results of the evaluated performances based on prototype components, and the analytical study of a revised system configuration.
Technical Paper

System Studies of Advanced Single-Phase Fluid Loop with Honeycomb-Cored Cold Plate

The feasibility study of the thermal control system for medium size or large size satellites was conducted to investigate the capabilities and specifications of devices such as cold plates, a radiator, a mechanical pump, and so on. In the first step of the system development demonstration, the cold plate was selected to investigate the performance among these devices. In this paper, the system concept of the advanced single-phase fluid loop and the evaluation by numerical analysis and experiments are described.
Technical Paper

Temperature and Humidity Control System of JEM

A Temperature and Humidity Control (THC) assembly an essential system in order to provide comfortable environment for crew members in Japanese Experiment Module (JEM). Development of an engineering model (EM) and a proto model (PM) of JEM THC assembly started from March 1991 and completed on March 1995 successfully. In this development phase, it is called JEM EM phase, qualification test of THC was conducted to verify the THC design. This paper presents JEM THC design and an outline of the assembly model development.
Technical Paper

Experiment of Two-Phase Flow Loop Thermal Control System Using Test Rocket

This paper describes results of the thermal-hydraulic performance experiment system (THYPES) of the two-phase flow loop thermal control system using the test rocket which can maintain a gravity level of 10-4G for about six minutes. Feasibility study of this system had been conducted for loading into a experiment module of test rocket TR-IA No. 3. In 1991, engineering model of the experiment system was designed and manufactured in order to investigate its function, performance, and endurance against launching conditions. In 1992, flight model of the experiment system was designed and manufactured. The following tests were conducted so as to ensure the capability and compatibility of THYPES; functional test, performance test, environmental test, and interface tests between the experiment system and rocket avionics section. The experiment was performed on September 17, 1993 and the results are evolved.
Technical Paper

Limit Cycle in the Longitudinal Motion of the USB STOL ASKA - Control System Functional Mockup and Actual Aircraft

The Japanese Quiet Short Take Off and Landing experimental aircraft named ASKA was developed and flight tested during 1977 till 1989. The control system hard and software were examined by the functional mock-up with using the actual hardware. The small longitudinal limit cycle was observed in the closed loop test when the Pitch Control Wheel Steering software was on in the mock-up testing. In this paper, first, the method to analyze and to expect the limit cycle based on the describing function was shown. The limit cycle was induced due to the nonlinearities in the automatic control mechanism. The nonlinearities in the hardware were examined to make the model to simulate the system on the computer. The method was shown effective to predict the limit cycle in the mock-up. Second, with using the flight measured dynamics, the limit cycle was concluded as on border line between existing and not, which coincides with the actual flight result.
Technical Paper

Aerodynamic Development of Boundary Layer Control System for NAL QSTOL Research Aircraft ‘ASKA’

“ASKA” developed by National Aerospace Laboratory (NAL) is a quiet, short take-off and landing (QSTOL) research aircraft adopting upper surface blowing (USB) concept as a powered high lift system. To achieving sufficient STOL performance by augmenting stall angle of attack and roll control power, blowing BLC technique was applied to the outboard leading edges and ailerons.Supplied high pressure air to save the BLC piping space,the BLC system which was fit for use of high pressure air was developed. The BLC system, in which BLC air is discharged by a series of discrete jets from small drilled holes (0.8 ∼ 3.0 mm in diameter) arranged in a raw, is one of the unique features of the aircraft. In this paper, the summaries of aerodynamic development of the BLC system are described except for the air piping system.