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Technical Paper

A Numerical and Experimental Study on Power Steering Shudder

Shudder vibration of a hydraulic power steering system during parking maneuver was studied with numerical and experimental methods. To quantify vibration performance of the system and recognize important stimuli for drivers, a shudder metric was derived by correlation between objective measurements and subjective ratings. A CAE model for steering wheel vibration analysis was developed and compared with measured data. In order to describe steering input dependency of shudder, a new dynamic friction modeling method, in which the magnitude of effective damping is determined by average velocity, was proposed. The developed model was validated using the measured steering wheel acceleration and the pressure change at inlet of the steering gear box. It was shown that the developed model successfully describes major modes by comparing the calculated FRF of the hydraulic system with measured one from the hydraulic excitation test.
Technical Paper

The Use of Fatigue Sensitive Critical Locations in Correlation of Vehicle Simulation and In-Service Environments

A major challenge facing the vehicle simulation test laboratory is correlating (and thereby validating) the simulated “test track” with the In-service environment. This simulation is key to the use of data for durability analysis from the integrated design and testing engineering process. Presented here is an approach to integrating road simulation test and fatigue life analysis that produces needed results for test, design and analysis engineers. The core of the analysis is a fatigue-based “rig-to-road” comparison for an on-highway vehicle using strain-time data acquired at fatigue sensitive locations. The cyclic and fatigue damaging content of the field and simulation profiles are compared quantitatively for purposes of validating the laboratory lest, and to illustrate a method of reporting this validation to design and analysis engineers.