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Technical Paper

A New Measurement of Aluminum Alloy Edge Stretching Limit Based on Digital Image Correlation Method

2016-04-05
2016-01-0417
In Aluminum Alloy, AA, sheet metal forming, the through thickness cracking at the edge of cut out is one of the major fracture modes. In order to prevent the edge cracking in production forming process, practical edge stretch limit criteria are needed for virtual forming prediction and early stamping trial evaluations. This paper proposes new methods for determining the edge stretching limit of the sheet coupons, with and without pre-stretching, based on the Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique. A numbers of sets of notch-shaped smaller coupons with three different pre-stretching conditions (near 5%, 10% and fractured) are cut from the prestretched large specimens. Then the notch-shaped smaller coupons are stretched by uniaxial tension up to through edge cracking observed. A dual-camera 3D-DIC system is utilized to measure both coupon face strain and thickness strain in the notch area at the same time.
Journal Article

Full Field Strain Measurement of Punch-stretch Tests Using Digital Image Correlation

2012-04-16
2012-01-0183
Punch-stretch tests were conducted on Advanced High Strength Steel (AHSS) specimens. A special stretching mechanism with two embedded high resolution digital cameras had been designed and used in punch-stretch tests. The deforming processes were recorded by the cameras and the full-field strain distribution for each specimen was evaluated using Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique, a full-field, non-contact, high accuracy optical and computational technique for contour, displacement and strain measurement. Data of Strain path, necking and other strain behavior were extracted using DIC. Different data analysis methods were tried to achieve useful information for predicting the failure. The data set could be used for researches on the effect of the strain path on the forming limit.
Technical Paper

Measurement of Strain Distribution for Hole Expansion with Digital Image Correlation (DIC) System

2011-04-12
2011-01-0993
Advanced high strength steels (AHSS) are increasingly used in automotive industry. A major issue for AHSS stamping is edge cracking. This failure mode is difficult to predict by conventional forming limit curve (FLC). The material edge stretchability is mainly evaluated using the hole expansion test. In this study, digital Image Correlation (DIC) is applied for strain measurement. DIC is a non-contact, full field, high accuracy and direct measurement technique that provides more detailed information for the evolution of strains on the sheet surface. Tests were conducted for five AHSS and nine cases. This paper will explain in detail the DIC technique and its results.
Journal Article

Scuffing Resistance of Surface Treated 8625 Alloy Steels

2011-04-12
2011-01-0034
Scuffing is a common source of failure for many mechanical components in automobiles. 8625 alloy steel is commonly used in camshafts, gears, piston pins, shafts, and splines. The purpose of the research is to study the scuffing resistance of non-treated, carburized, nitrocarburized, and carbonitrided 8625 alloy steels. The scuffing resistance of the 8625 alloy steels was determined through pin-on-disk tests. The hardness and microstructure of the disks were analyzed using electron microscopy to determine wear mechanisms for each surface treated steel. The wear mechanisms were then related to the scuff resistance of the various materials.
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