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Technical Paper

On-Line Non-Destructive Measurement for Interference-Fit Riveting Based on Force-Deformation Data Analysis

Interference-fit riveting is a critical fastening technique in the field of aerospace assembly. The fatigue and sealing performance of the rivet joint are determined by the interference-fit level of the rivet joint. As a result, it is of great importance to measure the interference-fit level accurately and effectively. Conventional interference-fit level measurement methods can be divided into direct measurement (destructive test on test-piece) and indirect measurement (off-line dimensional measurement of upset rivet head). Both methods cannot be utilized in automatic riveting. In this paper, an on-line non-destructive measurement method is developed to measure the interference-fit level. By taking full advantage of servo-driving riveting integrated with force measurement, the force-deformation data of the deformed rivet can be obtained in real time. The recognized feature points from the force-deformation data can reflect the height of the upset rivet head.
Technical Paper

Lateral State Estimation for Lane Keeping Control of Electric Vehicles Considering Sensor Sampling Mismatch Issue

Vehicle lateral states such as lateral distance at a preview point and heading angle are indispensable for lane keeping control systems, and such states are normally estimated by fusing signals from an onboard vision system and inertial sensors. However, the sampling rates and measurement delays are different between the two kinds of sensing devices. Most of the conventional methods simply neglect measurement delay and reduce sampling rate of the estimator to adapt to the slow sensors/devices. However, the estimation accuracy is deteriorated, especially considering the delay of visual signals may not be constant. In case of electric vehicles, the actuators for steering and traction are motors that have high control frequency. Therefore, the frequency of vehicle state feedback may not match the control frequency if the estimator is infrequently updated. In this paper, a multi-rate estimation algorithm based on Kalman filter is proposed to provide lateral states with high frequency.
Technical Paper

A New Clutch Actuation System for Dry DCT

Dry dual clutch transmission (DCT) has played an important role in the high performance applications as well as low-cost market sectors in Asia, with a potential as the future mainstream transmission technology due to its high mechanical efficiency and driving comfort. Control system simplification and cost reduction has been critical in making dry DCT more competitive against other transmission technologies. Specifically, DCT clutch actuation system is a key component with a great potential for cost-saving as well as performance improvement. In this paper, a new motor driven clutch actuator with a force-aid lever has been proposed. A spring is added to assist clutch apply that can effectively reduce the motor size and energy consumption. The goal of this paper is to investigate the feasibility of this new clutch actuator, and the force-aid lever actuator's principle, physical structure design, and validation results are discussed in details.
Journal Article

Study on Vehicle Stability Control by Using Model Predictive Controller and Tire-road Force Robust Optimal Allocation

The vehicle chassis integrated control system can improve the stability of vehicles under extreme conditions using tire force allocation algorithm, in which, the nonlinearity and uncertainty of tire-road contact condition need to be taken into consideration. Thus, An MPC (Model Predictive Control) controller is designed to obtain the additional steering angle and the additional yaw moment. By using a robust optimal allocation algorithm, the additional yaw moment is allocated to the slip ratios of four wheels. An SMC (Sliding-Mode Control) controller is designed to maintain the desired slip ratio of each wheel. Finally, the control performance is verified in MATLAB-CarSim co-simulation environment with open-loop manoeuvers.
Technical Paper

A Novel Integrated Chassis Controller Design Combining Active Suspension and 4WS

In this paper, we proposed a novel integrated vehicle chassis control configuration, which is based on the combination of vehicle vertical and lateral motion controls. Focusing on the improvement of vehicle handling and riding performance, particularly the active safety under critical driving condition, the purpose of Active Suspension (AS) in the integrated system is to achieve ride comfort quality and to provide more tyre cornering ability near the cornering force saturation regions, while the effect of Four Wheel Steering (4WS) is expected to eliminate the body side slip angle and to achieve an ideal yaw rate model following.