The Effects Of Gasoline Volatility On Mass And Composition Of The Inlet Port Wall Film In Port Injected SI Engines
A set of model fuels has been designed, using the Major-Component Fuel approach, to represent a range of gasoline mid-range and back-end volatilities. The thermo-physical properties of the model fuels have been used, together with a simple model of inlet system, to calculate liquid-vapour mass fractions in the inlet system, and the composition of the inlet port wall film. This has enabled the effects of gasoline volatility, speed, load and inlet port wall temperature to be studied systematically. The results indicate that, in cold start, only some 20-30% of the injected fuel is vapourised in the inlet port, leading to an accumulation of liquid fuel in the inlet port wall film reservoir. As the engine warms up, the mass of fuel in the reservoir decreases, and its composition changes, becoming progressively richer in heavy end species. Mid-range volatility affects the cold start behaviour, whilst back-end volatility affects the approach to fully-warmed up operation.