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Technical Paper

Influence of Secondary Flow Generation on Heat Transfer inside the Fin Type Spiral Sub-Cooled Condenser by Experimental and CFD Analysis

This paper discusses the compact structure, innovative and unique approach of high performance spiral coil sub-cooled condenser for compact power plant/engine applications. The motivation behind this study is to reduce the engine emission by improving the coefficient of performance for air-conditioning unit. Since the air conditioning system is the most power consumption units after the power plant, so it significantly affects the fuel consumption and the hazardous gas emissions. In the air condition cycle, the condenser unit is addressed as one of the important devices, and thus, the author tried to reduce the energy consumption by improving the performance of the condenser. The most advantage points of this study is to use spiral coil sub-cooled condenser, which elaborates the effect of secondary flow generation inside the fluid and is known as the Dean’s effect.
Technical Paper

Modeling of Quasi-Steady State Heat Transfer Phenomena with the Consideration of Backflow Gas Effect at Intake Manifold of IC Engines and Its Numerical Analyses on 1-D Engine Simulation

An empirical equation was developed for modeling the heat transfer phenomena taking place in an intake manifold which included the backflow gas effect. In literature, heat transfer phenomenon at intake system is modeled based on steady flow assumptions by Colburn analogy. Previously, authors developed an equation with the introduction of Graetz and Strouhal numbers, using a port model experimental setup. In this study, to further improve the empirical equation, real engine experiments were conducted where pressure ratio between the intake manifold and engine cylinder were added along with Reynolds number to characterize the backflow gas effect on intake air temperature. Compared to the experimental data, maximum and average errors of intake air temperature estimated from the new empirical equation were found to be 2.9% and 0.9%, respectively.
Technical Paper

Modeling of Unsteady Heat Transfer Phenomena at the Intake Manifold of a Diesel Engine and Its Application to 1-D Engine Simulation

In the past two decades, internal combustion engines have been required to improve their thermal efficiency in order to limit hazardous gas emissions. For further improvement of the thermal efficiency, it is required to predict the mass of intake air into cylinders in order to control the auto-ignition timing for CI engines. For an accurate prediction of intake air mass, it is necessary to model the heat transfer phenomena at the intake manifold. From this intention, an empirical equation was developed based on Colburn equation. Two new arguments were presented in the derived formula. The first argument was the addition of Graetz number, where it characterized the entrance region thermal boundary layer development and its effect on the heat transfer inside the intake manifold. As the second argument, Strouhal number was included in order to represent intake valve effect on heat transfer.
Technical Paper

Analysis of Unsteady Heat Transfer on Periodical Flow in Intake Port Model

The experiments were done in order to obtain the fundamental information that would be needed to build a physical model which expresses the heat transfer phenomena in the intake port model and manifold. In the experiments, the heating conditions and the period of the cyclic change of the gas velocity were changed as experimental parameters. In addition to those parameters, the Strouhal number was applied to express oscillating flow. As a result, the heat transfer in the experiments became clear, and the equations were obtained to show the Nusselt number using the Reynolds number, the Graetz number and the Strouhal number.
Technical Paper

Precise Measurement of Heat Transfer to the Inlet Air using Intake Port Model

Temperature measurement experiments with intake port model were done to achieve the fundamental information on constructing physical model that expresses the heat transfer phenomena in the intake manifold and intake port. The experiments were done with steady airflow, and the size, shape, heating condition of the port model and mass flow rate were changed as experimental parameters. As the results, it was clear that the developing condition of velocity and thermal boundary layer had greater influence than the shape factor, and the coefficient and the exponent of the equation derived from the relationship between Nusselt number and Reynolds number had great difference from those of generally used Colburn's equation in undeveloped entrance region, but they got closer as developing boundary layer.
Technical Paper

Heat Transfer in the Internal Combustion Engines

This investigation was concerned with the rate of heat transfer from the working gases to the combustion chamber walls of the internal combustion engines. The numerical formula for estimating the heat transfer to the combustion chamber wall was derived from the theoretical analysis and the experiment, which were used the constant volume combustion chamber and the actual gasoline engine. As a result, mean heat transfer in the internal combustion engine becomes possible to estimate with measuring the cylinder pressure. In addition, the derived numerical formula forms with quite simple variables. Therefore it is very useful for engine design.