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Technical Paper

Application of a Biodegradable Lubricant in a Diesel Vehicle

The IEA Advanced Motor Fuels Agreement has initiated this project concerning the application of biodegradable lubricants to diesel and gasoline type vehicles. Emission measurements on a chassis dynamometer were carried out. The purpose of these measurements was to compare the emissions of CO, CO2, NOx, THC, PM, lubricant-SOF and PAH from one diesel and one gasoline type vehicle using biodegradable lubricants and conventional lubricants. This paper describes the results of the experiments with the diesel type vehicle only. Lubricant consumption and fuel consumption are other important parameters that have been evaluated during the experiments. Both vehicle types were operated on conventional crude oil based fuels and alternative fuels. The diesel vehicle was operated on conventional diesel fuel from a Danish fuel station, low sulfur diesel from Sweden and biodiesel, which was bought at a fuel station in Germany.
Technical Paper

Simulation of HC-Emissions from SI-Engines - A Parametric Study

Earlier modelling of SI engine HC-emissions indicated that the absorption/desorption of fuel HC in the oil film played a rather important role for the engine-out HC-emissions. However, recent experimental results seem to indicate that this mechanism does not play a major role. Therefore, we updated a previous model in order to obtain a better understanding of the absorption/desorption phenomenon. The upgraded absorption/desorption model has been combined with the MIT ring/liner lubrication model and applied to a single cylinder engine with known lubrication characteristics. The calculations have been carried out for steady-state and warm-up conditions. Compared to earlier results we found that due to an essentially smaller oil film thickness calculated by the lubrication model the absorption/desorption process exhibits a much faster response than previously estimated.