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Technical Paper

Regeneration Capability of Diesel Particulate Filter System Using Electric Heater

Regeneration capability of a wall-flow monolith type diesel paticulates filter with an electric heater was studied. To prevent filter crack generation and unburned particulates accumulation, a precision controller was added to the test equipment to reduce thermal load. In order to control the supply of oxygen to potentially prevent cracking, a second air feeder was also added. Furthermore, to ignite the accumulated particulates uniformly and propagate extensively to burn accumulated particulates completely a newly improved heater unit was employed. Repeated regeneration tests were conducted with cars on a chassis dynamometer. Though crack generation and unburned particulates accumulation were reduced considerably, satisfactory prevention could not be achieved. Therefore a parameter study using regenerative burning and thermal stress analysis model was carried out.
Technical Paper

Regenration Process of Ceramic Foam Diesel-Particulate Traps

Periodic regeneration of the diesel particulate trap is essential to maintain the collection efficiency and exhaust gas hack pressure at acceptable levels. The objectives of this study are to describe the phenomenology of ceramic foam filter regeneration process and to present its mathematical model. Further simulation study is carried out to estimate the effects of various factors including fuel additive on the ignition and the filter bed temperature and to investigate conditions of excessive temperature which could result in filter destruction. The model is based on the assumption that the regeneration process is composed of two steps. The first step is the additional heat supply from the external energy source, and the second step is the spontaneous combustion propagation. The results from the analytical model agreed very well with the experimental results.