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Technical Paper

Quantitative Analysis of the Relation between Flame Structure and Turbulence in HCCI Combustion by Two-Dimensional Temperature Measurement

The structure of HCCI (homogeneous charge compression ignition) combustion flames was quantitatively analyzed by measuring the two-dimensional gas temperature distribution using phosphor thermometry. It was found from the relation between a turbulent Reynolds number and Karlovitz number that, when compared with the flame propagation in an S.I. engine, HCCI combustion has a wider flame structure with respect to the turbulence scale. As a result of our experimentation for the influence of low temperature reaction (LTR) using two types of fuel, it was also confirmed that different types of fuel produce different histories of flame kernel structure.
Technical Paper

Two-Dimensional Temperature Measurements in Engine Combustion Using Phosphor Thermometry

A phosphor thermometry, for measurements of two-dimensional gas-phase temperature was examined in turbulent combustion in an engine. The reasonable temperature deviation and the agreement with calculated data within 5% precision were achieved by single-shot images in the ignition process of compression ignition engine. Focusing on the local flame kernel, the flame structure could be quantitatively given by the temperature. It became evident that the HCCI flame kernels had 1-3 mm diameter and the isolated island structures. Subsequently, the HTR zone consisted of the combined flame kernels near TDC.
Technical Paper

Numerical Analysis of Ignition Control in HCCI Engine

The UNIBUS (Uniform Bulky Combustion System) based on the HCCI (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition) concept uses an early injection quantity, timing, boost pressure, EGR, etc. for ignition control [1]. To further expand the operation range from the present level, the effects of the atmospheric conditions on ignition and combustion were calculated using CHEMKIN in the present study. When controlling the start timing of the high temperature reaction to suppress the early ignition, it is more effective to apply EGR than boost pressure. If fuel quantity is increased to expand load, it is possible to suppress a sharp cylinder pressure rising rate by increasing the boost pressure. Furthermore, it has become apparent that the cause of this is an increase in heat capacity.
Technical Paper

HCCI Combustion in DI Diesel Engine

Ignition and combustion control of HCCI (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition) in DI (Direct Injection) Diesel Engine were examined. In this study, double injection technique was used by Common Rail injection system. The first injection was used as an early injection for fuel diffusion and to advance the changing of fuel to lower hydrocarbons (i.e. low temperature reaction). The second injection was used as an ignition trigger for all the fuel. It was found that the ignition of the premixed gas could be controlled by the second injection when the early injection was maintaining low temperature reaction. It was found that as the boost pressure increased, ignition timing advanced slightly and the rate of pressure increase markedly decreased. The rate of pressure increase is one of the factors concerning operation limit in this combustion. Therefore, the VNT (Variable Nozzle Turbo-charger) was applied to the production engine to allow boost pressure control.