Development of a Zero-Dimensional Heat Release Model for Application to Small Bore Diesel Engines
A zero-dimensional heat release model has been formulated for small bore, automotive-type, direct injection diesel engines and compared with high-speed data acquired from a prototype single-cylinder engine. This comparison included a significant portion of the full-load torque curve and various light-loads with variable speed, injection timing sweeps, and injection pressures. In general, the agreement between the predicted net heat release rate profiles and the experimentally, indirectly-determined profiles was acceptable from a mean cylinder pressure point-of-view while employing a single constant for the turbulent mixing dissipation rate. The proposed model also revealed that moderate swirl rates included in this study had little impact on the gross fuel burning rate profile especially at higher load conditions.