Fuel Property Effects on Spray Atomization Process in Gasoline Direct Injection
This paper presents a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study of the Engine Combustion Network (ECN) Spray G under non-vaporizing condition, focusing on the impacts of fuel properties as well as realistic geometry on the atomization process. The large-eddy-simulation method, coupled with the volume-of-fluid method, is used to model the high-speed turbulent two-phase flow. A moving-needle boundary condition is applied to capture the internal flow boundary condition accurately. The injector geometry was measured with micron-level resolution using x-ray tomographic imaging at the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory, providing detailed machining tolerance and defects from manufacturing and a realistic rough surface. A 2.5-μm fine mesh is used to sufficiently resolve the details of liquid-gas interface and the breakup process.