Modelling of Soot Oxidation by NO2 in a Diesel Particulate Filter
Two approaches were adopted to study soot oxidation by NO₂; firstly microreactor tests were performed on soot produced by a soot generator over a range of NO₂ concentrations and temperatures. This enabled measurement to be made under well-controlled conditions. Secondly, soot oxidation measurements were made on an engine bench to obtain data under more realistic, if less controlled, conditions. In the microreactor work NO₂ consumption by soot oxidation and the selectivity of the soot oxidation to CO and CO₂ were measured. The latter was found to vary only slightly with temperature and to be independent of NO₂ concentration. By modeling this data using a 1-dimensional model, rate equations for the soot-NO₂ reaction were determined. These were then tested against the engine data. The soot used in this study was characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, N₂ physisorption and transmission electron microscopy.