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Technical Paper

Research on Gasoline Homogeneous Charge Induced Ignition (HCII) by Diesel in a Light-Duty Engine

Gasoline engines suffer low thermal efficiency and diesel engines have the emission problem of the trade-off between NOx and soot emissions. Homogeneous Charge Induced Ignition (HCII) is introduced using a port injection of gasoline to form a homogeneous charge and using a direct injection of diesel fuel to ignite. HCII has the potential to achieve high thermal efficiency and low emission combustion. However, HCII combustion mode still has problems of high THC emissions at low load and high pressure rise rate at high load. In order to improve the gasoline reactivity and reduce THC emissions, double injection of diesel was applied in HCII mode. In order to reduce peak pressure rise rate (PPRR), a two-staged high-temperature heat release is achieved at suitable engine condition. The effects of HCII mode on combustion and emission characteristics are studied in a light-duty engine.