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Technical Paper

Geometry Design of a Non-Pin Cycloid Drive for In-Wheel Motor

Cycloid drives are widely used in the in-wheel motor for electric vehicles due to the advantages of large ratio, compact size and light weight. To improve the transmission efficiency and the load capability and reduce the manufacturing cost, a novel cycloid drive with non-pin design for the application in the in-wheel motor is proposed. Firstly, the generation of the gear pair is presented based on the gearing of theory. Secondly, the meshing characteristics, such as the contact zones, curvature difference, contact ratio and sliding coefficients are derived for performance evaluation. Then, the loaded tooth contact analysis (LTCA) is performed by establishing a mathematical model based on the Hertz contact theory to calculate the contact stress and deformation.
Technical Paper

A Case Study: Application of Analytical and Numerical Techniques to Squeak and Rattle Analysis of a Door Assembly

Squeak and rattle (S&R) problems in body structure and trim parts have become serious issues for automakers because of their influence on the initial quality perception of consumers. In this study, various CAE and experimental methods developed by Hyundai Motors for squeak and rattle analysis of door systems are reported. Friction-induced vibration and noise generation mechanisms of a door system are studied by an intelligent combination of experimental and numerical methods. It is shown that the effect of degradation of plastics used in door trims can be estimated by a numerical model using the properties obtained experimentally. Effects of changes in material properties such as Young's modulus and loss factor due to the material degradation as well as statistical variations are predicted for several door system configurations. As a new concept, the rattle and squeak index is proposed, which can be used to guide the design.
Technical Paper

Learning of Intelligent Controllers for Autonomous Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles by Genetic Cascading Fuzzy Methods

Looking forward to an autonomous Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) for future applications, it becomes apparent that on-board intelligent controllers will be necessary for these advanced systems. LETHA (Learning Enhanced Tactical Handling Algorithm) was created to develop intelligent managers for these advanced unmanned craft through the novel means of a genetic cascading fuzzy system. In this approach, a genetic algorithm creates rule bases and optimizes membership functions for multiple fuzzy logic systems, whose inputs and outputs feed into one another alongside crisp data. A simulation space referred to as HADES (Hoplological Autonomous Defend and Engage Simulation) was created in which LETHA can train the UCAVs intelligent controllers.
Technical Paper

Identifying Alternative Movement Techniques from Existing Motion Data: An Empirical Performance Evaluation

A manual task can be performed based on alternative movement techniques. Ergonomic human motion simulation requires consideration of alternative movement techniques, because they could bring different biomechanical, physiological, and psychophysical consequences. A method for identifying movement techniques from existing motion data was developed. The method is based on a JCV (Joint Contribution Vector) index and statistical clustering. A JCV quantifies a motion's underlying movement technique by computing contributions of individual body joint DOFs (degree-of-freedom) to the achievement of the task goal. Given a set of motions (motion capture data) achieving the same or similar task goals, alternative movement techniques can be identified by 1) representing the motions in terms of JCV and 2) performing a statistical clustering analysis. Performance of this movement technique identification method was evaluated based on a set of stoop and squat lifting motions.
Technical Paper

Practical Aspects of Perturbed Boundry Condition (PBC) Finite Element Model Updating Techniques

The perturbed boundary condition (PBC) model updating procedure has been developed to correct the finite element model [1]. The use of additional structural configurations adds more experimental information about the system and so better updating results can be expected. While it works well for simulated examples, practical limitations and additional requirements arise when it is used to update engineering structures. In this paper, the merits and the practical limitations of the techmques will be discussed in depth through the updating of a simulated system where the “measured” data is generated by computer and a real test structure where the experimentally measured data is noisy and distorted due to leakage. Useful suggestions and recommendations are drawn to guide the model updating of practical engineering structures.
Technical Paper

Microsensor Fusion Technology for Space Vehicle Reliability Enhancement

In this work, the goal of enhanced reliability through redundancy is explored. Two levels of fusion have been defined: the first is a fusion of sensors, redundant in both number and type, and the second is a statistical fusion of the resulting data at a software level. An intermediate preprocessing level is required to connect both fusions. The various types of sensors which are included are bulk micromachined flow, pressure and hydrogen sensors and a thin film poly-crystalline silicon temperature sensor. Individual sensors have been fabricated and packaged in arrays. Associated preprocessing has been designed to be able to handle all of the signals coming from each sensor and prepare them for statistical analysis. Data fusion algorithms have been written and tested.
Technical Paper

A System Approach for the Assessment of Cavitation Corrosion Damage of Cylinder Liners in Internal Combustion Engines

Modeling of liner cavitation corrosion is of increasing significance since new engine design trends could aggravate the problem. Cavitation corrosion is of a complex nature and is affected by numerous coupled factors. A system approach to analyze and assess cavitation corrosion damage is deemed necessary. The approach accounts for the macroscopic and microscopic aspects of the phenomenon that include modeling of piston dynamics, liner transient vibration, pressure wave propagation, bubble dynamics and their effect on material damage. Though detection methods can provide crucial insight of factors that influence the cavitation problem, analysis methods are required at the initial design stage to provide overall engine design optimization and reduce prototype development cost and time. This analytical diagnostic approach provides a powerful tool to give valuable and relatively quick insight in solving engine liner cavitation corrosion problems.