Durability Aspects of NOx Storage Catalysts for Direct Injection Gasoline Vehicles
The introduction of gasoline direct injection technology into the European market will depend mainly on the availability of an effective and durable aftertreatment system, in order to reach future stringent European emission standards. NOx storage technology provides a reasonable chance of fulfilling future emission goals, but durability problems such as thermal degradation and sulfur poisoning have yet to be overcome. The present paper is dedicated to these problems, and demonstrates the progress achieved so far. The influence of different aging modes and aging severity on the NOx conversion efficiency of an advanced generation of NOx storage catalysts, is described in detail. It was found that the severity of aging at comparable catalyst bed temperatures, increases in the following order: hydrothermal aging in N2/H2O < engine aging w/o fuel cut at λ-1 < furnace aging in air < engine aging with fuel cut at λ-1.