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Standard

Landing Gear Shock Strut Hydraulic Fluid

2016-05-06
CURRENT
AIR5358A
This document describes fluids used in landing gear shock struts with extreme pressure and antiwear additives that have been added for improved lubrication.
Standard

Guide for Installation of Electrical Wire and Cable on Aircraft Landing Gear

2015-07-04
CURRENT
AIR4004A
Recent field experience has indicated significant problems with some types of wire and cables as routed on aircraft landing gear. This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is intended to identify environmental concerns the designer should consider, materials that appear to be most suitable for use in these areas, routing, clamping, and other protection techniques that are appropriate in these applications. In recent years aircraft certification regulatory agencies introduced new regulations regarding Electrical Wiring Interconnection Systems (EWIS) to further enhance safety of the associated systems and aircraft overall.
Standard

Gland Design: Scraper, Landing Gear, Installation

2008-11-24
CURRENT
AS4052B
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers an alternate gland design for the installation of scraper/wiper rings in the lower end of landing gear shock struts for the purpose of contaminant exclusion. The defined scraper gland covered by this document, as shown in Table 1, is a variant of AS4716, the accepted gland standard for MS28775, O-ring packing seals. Piston rod diameters, gland internal diameters, groove sidewall angles and the surface finish are all defined by AS4716, but the gland outer retaining wall diameter is changed. The traditional scraper design installed into the glands detailed in Table 1 typically utilize components made from urethane or nitrile materials. These scraper designs, while still acceptable, must be reviewed in consideration to deicing, cleaners and disinfectant fluids applied to or in contact with the landing gear, as the materials of construction for the installed scrapers may not be compatible to these fluids.
Standard

Design, Development and Test Criteria - Solid State Proximity Switches/Systems for Landing Gear Applications

2001-10-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1810B
This document will examine the more important considerations relative to the utilization of "one piece", or integral electronics proximity switches, and "two piece", or separate sensor and electronics proximity switches, for applications on aircraft landing gear. In general, the recommendations included are applicable for other demanding aircraft sensor installations where the environment is equally severe.
Standard

Tests, Impact, Shock Absorber Landing Gear, Aircraft

2001-05-01
HISTORICAL
AS6053
This specification covers definition of landing impact tests which are to be conducted on landing gear assemblies including shock absorbers, suggested instrumentation for the tests and required data of the resulting test report. It is intended to standardize impact test procedures on landing gear shock absorbers and to provide sufficient data to allow evaluation of the design with respect to requirements of MIL-L-8552 and MIL-S-8959 as applicable.
Standard

Gland Design: Scraper, Landing Gear, Installation

2001-04-01
HISTORICAL
AS4052A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers an alternate gland design for the installation of scraper/wiper rings in the lower end of landing gear shock struts for the purpose of contaminant exclusion. The defined scraper gland covered by this document, as shown in Table 1, is a variant of AS4716, the accepted gland standard for MS28775, O-ring packing seals. Piston diameters, gland internal diameters, groove sidewall angles and the surface finish are all defined by AS4716, but the gland outer retaining wall diameter is changed. AS4088 is similar to this document, but was developed by SAE A-6 for flight control and general-purpose cylinders. It differs from this document primarily by the clearance between the rod (piston) and outer gland wall. Since landing gears are more susceptible to dirt contamination, the additional clearance provides a larger path to allow excessive dirt accumulation to exit the gland.
Standard

Landing Gear Switch Selection Criteria

1999-04-01
CURRENT
AIR5024
The scope of this document is to discuss the differences between electromechanical and proximity position sensing devices when used on landing gears. It also contains information, which may be helpful, when applying either type of technology after the selection has been made. The purpose is to help the designer make better choices when selecting a position-sensing device. Once that choice has been made, this document includes information to improve the reliability of new or current designs. It is not intended to replace recommendations from sensor manufacturers or actual experience, but to provide a set of general guidelines.
Standard

Aircraft Nosewheel Steering/Centering Systems

1996-06-01
CURRENT
AIR1752A
The intent of this AIR is twofold: (1) to present descriptive summary of aircraft nosewheel steering and centering systems, and (2) to provide a discussion of problems encountered and “lessons learned” by various airplane manufacturers and users. This document covers both military aircraft (land-based and ship-based) and commercial aircraft. It is intended that the document be continually updated as new aircraft and/or new “lessons learned” become available.
Standard

AIRCRAFT NOSE WHEEL STEERING/CENTERING SYSTEMS

1991-03-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1752
This document covers both military aircraft (land-based and ship-based) and commercial aircraft. It is intended that the document be continually updated as new aircraft and/or new "lessons learned" become available.
Standard

Guide for Installation of Electrical Wire and Cable on Aircraft Landing Gear

1989-11-28
HISTORICAL
AIR4004
Recent field experience has indicated significant problems with some types of wire and cable as routed on aircraft landing gear. This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is intended to identify environmental concerns the designer must consider, materials that appear to be most suitable for use in these areas, routing, clamping, and other protection techniques that are appropriate in these applications.
Standard

Mechanical Switch Usage for Landing Gear Applications

1989-10-04
CURRENT
AIR4077
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) will examine considerations relative to the use of mechanical switches on aircraft landing gear, and present "lessons learned" during the period that these devices have been used.
Standard

DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND TEST CRITERIA - SOLID STATE PROXIMITY SWITCHES/SYSTEMS FOR LANDING GEAR APPLICATIONS

1986-07-09
HISTORICAL
AIR1810A
This document will examine the more important considerations relative to the utilization of "one piece", or integral electronics proximity switches, and "two piece", or separate sensor and electronics proximity switches, for applications on aircraft landing gear. In general, the recommendations included are applicable for other demanding aircraft sensor installations where the environment is equally severe.
Standard

Design, Development and Test Criteria - Solid State Proximity Switches/Systems for Landing Gear Applications

1983-09-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1810
This document examines the most important considerations relative to the use of proximity sensing systems for applications on aircraft landing gear. In general, the recommendations included are applicable to other demanding aircraft sensor installations where the environment is equially severe. The purpose of this SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is to suggest specification, application, performance, and validation criteria for solid-state proximity sensing systems used for environmentally severe applications on aircraft landing gear.
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