Dual-Fuel Ethanol-Diesel Technology Applied in Mild and Full Hybrid Powertrains
The increasingly stringent emissions regulations together with the demand of highly efficient vehicles from the customers lead to rapid developments of distinct powertrain solutions, especially when electrification is present in a certain degree. The combination of electric machines with conventional powertrains diversifies the powertrain architectures and brings the opportunity to save energy in greater extents. On the other hand, alternative combustion modes as reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) have shown to provide simultaneous ultra-low NOx and soot emissions with similar or better thermal efficiency than conventional diesel combustion (CDC). Therefore, the combination of both growing technologies could be a way to achieve clean and efficient vehicles.