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Technical Paper

Comparison of Water Strategy Tools for Automotive Manufacturing

Tools are now publicly available that can potentially help a company assess the impact of its water use and risks in relation to their global operations and supply chains. In this paper we describe a comparative analysis of two publicly available tools, specifically the WWF/DEG Water Risk Filter and the WBCSD Global Water Tool that are used to measure the water impact and risk indicators for industrial facilities. By analyzing the risk assessments calculated by these tools for different scenarios that include varying facilities from different industries, one can better gauge the similarities and differences between these water strategy tools. Several scenarios were evaluated using the water tools, and the results are compared and contrasted. As will be shown, the results can vary significantly.
Journal Article

Sustainable Manufacturing Analysis using an Activity Based Object Oriented Method

This article begins by describing the need for a new method and tool for performing a sustainability assessment for manufacturing processes and systems. A brief literature survey is done to highlight the major existing methods and tools, their function, and their shortcomings. The article goes on to describe the general approach of the method before describing a computer aided tool that has been developed to implement the method. The article concludes with a walk through of a generic use case that describes where such a method would be useful and how such a tool would be implemented.
Technical Paper

Real-Time Integrated Economic and Environmental Performance Monitoring of a Production Facility

In this paper, we describe our work and experiences with integrating environmental and economic performance monitoring in a production facility of Interface Flooring Systems, Inc. The objective of the work is to create a ‘dashboard’ that integrates environmental and economic monitoring and assessment of manufacturing processes, and provides engineers and managers an easy to use tool for obtaining valid, comparable assessment results that can be used to direct attention towards necessary changes. To this purpose, we build upon existing and familiar cost management principles, in particular Activity-Based Costing and Management (ABC&ABM), and we extend those into environmental management in order to obtain a combined economic and environmental performance measurement framework (called Activity-Based Cost and Environmental Management).
Technical Paper

Designing Design Processes in Decision-Based Concurrent Engineering

We believe that the efficiency and effectiveness of human designers can be improved by making available tools that can be used to help negotiate solutions to open or unstructured parts of the process of designing. We assert that the efficiency and effectiveness of a designer can be increased by increasing the speed with which the design iteration is accomplished and reducing of the number of iterations. An increment in the iteration speed can be achieved if at least some parts of a design process are known and can be modelled on a computer. One way of reducing the number of iterations in design is by avoiding this corrective redesign. This provides the stimulus for developing approaches to design that include Concurrent Engineering considerations. Thus, in our opinion, a necessary ingredient in increasing efficiency and effectiveness of human designers is the modeling of design processes in a manner that they can be analyzed, manipulated and implemented.