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Standard

Test Cell Analytical Thrust Correction

2019-07-02
CURRENT
AIR5436A
This document describes a method to correct engine thrust, measured in an indoor test cell, for the aerodynamic effects caused by the secondary airflow induced in the test cell by the engine operating in an enclosed environment in close proximity to an exhaust duct. While it is not recommended to be used to replace test cell correlation, it does provide a means to verify an existing thrust correlation factor.
Standard

Numerical Modeling Techniques for Jet Engine Test Cell Aerodynamics

2019-03-21
CURRENT
AIR6355
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) has been written for individuals associated with ground level testing of turbofan and turbojet engines, and particularly for those who might be interested in investigating steady-state performance characteristics of a new test cell design or of proposed modifications to an existing test cell by means of numerical modeling and simulation. It is not the intent of this standard to provide specific test cell design recommendations, which are covered in the reference documentation.
Standard

Recommended Maintenance, Inspection and Monitoring Procedure for Engine Test Cells

2018-12-20
WIP
ARP8540
A guide to maintenance procedures in test cells. A suggested equipment monitoring and/or inspections to reduce the probability of unanticipated failures and associated test cell down time. Guidelines for using typically available data acquisition capabilities in a test cell are provided to utilize normally available trending capability to monitor the testing equipment in addition to using these tools for the usual monitoring of the test article. For the common types of test cells (turboshaft, turboprop, turbojet, and turbofan) test facilities, lists of typical systems with their associated components are provided with suggested inspection intervals and key items to look for in the inspection. A template risk assessment form is provided to facilitate the customization of the assessment of the test cell components to help predict recommended spares.
Standard

Design Considerations for Hush House Facilities

2018-11-26
WIP
AIR9969
to provide industry with a reference document highlighting the necessary design considerations and configuration option for an aircraft fully enclosed test facility (Hush House).
Standard

Test Facility Shakedown and Commissioning

2017-11-29
CURRENT
AIR6364
The paper discusses in general terms the activities required to be undertaken or demonstrated during the establishment of the facility such as: the assessment checks prior to forwarding to the end users site for embodiment into the facility system the establishment of the facility such as trial installations of hardware, functionality checking of lifting transportation and access systems, centerline pull checks, pressure testing of fuel and air start systems, flushing of wet systems and electrical continuity checking. the commissioning of the facility such as instrumentation calibrations, engine starts, engine running, assessment of command and control system, assessment of DAS system, aerodynamic and acoustic surveys. The paper will concentrate on the main engineering engine related aspects of the facility and will not necessarily contain information on the construction validation activities such as HVAC, electrical, facility fire system, waste water etc.
Standard

Installed Outdoor Engine Testing

2017-11-29
CURRENT
AIR5301A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) was written because of the growing interest in aircraft installed outdoor engine testing by the Federal Aviation Administration, airlines, charter/commercial operators, cargo carriers, engine manufacturers and overhaul and repair stations. This document was developed by a broad cross section of personnel from the aviation industry and government agencies and includes information obtained from a survey of a variety of operators of fixed and rotary wing aircraft and research of aircraft and engine maintenance manuals.
Standard

Design, Calibration, and Test Methods for Turbine Engine Icing Test Facilities

2017-09-15
CURRENT
AIR6189
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides descriptions of test procedures and established practices for the application, use, and administration of the conduct of icing testing for all types of turbine engines in conventional supercooled liquid (14 CFR Part 25 Appendix C) environmental conditions in ground test facilities (sea-level and altitude) for icing certification purposes.
Standard

Physical Modeling Techniques for Jet Engine Test Cell Aerodynamics

2016-10-21
CURRENT
AIR4827B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) has been written for individuals associated with ground level testing of turbofan and turbojet engines and particularly for those who might be interested in investigating the performance characteristics of a new test cell design or of proposed modifications to an existing test cell by means of a scale model test.
Standard

Turboshaft/Turboprop Gas Turbine Engine Test Cell Correlation

2016-09-14
CURRENT
ARP4755C
This paper describes a recommended practice and procedure for the correlation of test cells that are used for the performance testing of turboprop and turboshaft engines. This Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) shall apply to both dynamometer and propeller based testing. Test cell correlation is performed to determine the effect of any given test cell enclosure and equipment on the performance of an engine relative to the baseline performance of that engine. Although no original equipment manufacturer (OEM) documents are actually referenced, the experience and knowledge of several OEMs contributed to the development of this document. Each engine manufacturer has their own practices relating to correlation and they will be used by those OEMS for the purpose of establishing certified test facilities.
Standard

APU Gas Turbine Engine Test Cell Correlation

2016-08-31
CURRENT
ARP5435A
This paper describes a recommended practice and procedure for the correlation of test cells that are used for the performance testing of APU (auxiliary power unit) engines. Test cell correlation is performed to determine the effect of any given test cell enclosure and equipment on the performance of an engine relative to the baseline performance of that engine. The baseline performance is generally determined at the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) designated test facility. Although no original equipment manufacturer (OEM) documents are actually referenced, the experience and knowledge of several OEMs contributed to the development of this document. Each engine Manufacturer has their own practices relating to correlation and they will be used by those OEMs for the purpose of establishing certified test facilities.
Standard

Turbofan and Turbojet Gas Turbine Engine Test Cell Correlation

2016-08-12
CURRENT
ARP741C
This paper describes a recommended practice and procedure for the correlation of test cells that are used for the performance testing of turbofan and turbojet engines. Test cell correlation is performed to determine the effect of any given test cell enclosure and equipment on the performance of an engine relative to the baseline performance of that engine. When baseline testing is performed in an indoor test cell, the baseline performance data are adjusted to open air conditions. Although no original equipment manufacturer (OEM) documents are actually referenced, the experience and knowledge of several OEMs contributed to the development of this document. Each engine Manufacturer has their own practices relating to correlation and they will be used by those OEMS for the purpose of establishing certified test facilities.
Standard

Turbine Flowmeter Fuel Flow Calculations

2015-09-07
CURRENT
ARP4990B
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides to the aerospace industry a procedure for the consistent and accurate calculation of fuel flow using turbine flowmeters during development, production, and post overhaul/repair gas turbine engine testing.
Standard

Configuration Control for Maintaining Correlation of Gas Turbine Engine Test Cells

2015-08-24
CURRENT
ARP6028A
The FAA has issued Advisory Circular, AC43-207, that recommends re-correlation, trending or period checks. The FAA, AC43-207 bases their recommendation on ARP741. This paper describes a recommended practice and procedure for the configuration control requirements to maintain test cell correlation status. This is necessary to maintain performance measurement integrity, particularly when correlation approval is achieved by statistical trending. The configuration of a test facility that exists at the time when a correlation is being carried out should be "base lined" as a condition of correlation approval acceptance, and, be maintained during the time period that the respective correlation approval lasts. This defines test facility configuration control. This is due to the fact that a change in configuration may have the potential to change the established correlation factors and measured engine performance.
Standard

Test Cell Instrumentation

2014-10-30
CURRENT
AIR5026B
This document discusses, in broad general terms, typical present instrumentation practice for post-overhaul gas turbine engine testing. Production engine testing and engine development work are outside the scope of this document as they will typically use many more channels of instrumentation, and in most cases will have requirements for measurements that are never made in post-overhaul testing, such as fan airflow measurements, or strain measurements on compressor blades. The specifications for each parameter to be measured, in terms of measurement range and measurement accuracy, are established by the engine manufacturers. Each test cell instrument system should meet or exceed those requirements. Furthermore, each instrument system should be recalibrated regularly, to ensure that it is still performing correctly.
Standard

Turboshaft/Turboprop Gas Turbine Engine Test Cell Correlation

2013-12-19
HISTORICAL
ARP4755B
This paper describes a recommended practice and procedure for the correlation of test cells that are used for the performance testing of turboprop and turboshaft engines. This Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) shall apply to both dynamometer and propeller based testing. Test cell correlation is performed to determine the effect of any given test cell enclosure and equipment on the performance of an engine relative to the baseline performance of that engine.
Standard

Inlet Airflow Ramps for Gas Turbine Engine Test Cells

2013-12-10
CURRENT
AIR5306A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) has been written for individuals associated with the ground-level testing of gas turbine engines and particularly for those who might be interested in upgrading their existing engine test facility to meet the airflow requirements for higher thrust engine models. The intellectual property rights on the material contained in this document are protected by US Patent Number 5,293,775 dated March 15, 1994 assigned to United Technologies Corporation, Hartford, Connecticut, USA. Any individual, or organization, attempting to use the system described in this document should get a clearance from United Technologies Corporation, to avoid any potential liability arising from patent infringement.
Standard

Gas Turbine Engine Fuel Nozzle Test Procedures

2013-12-10
CURRENT
ARP4865A
The intent of this SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is to define and recommend to the Aerospace Industry standardized test procedures for establishing fuel nozzle operating performance including types of tests, controlled and measured parameters, and test configurations.
Standard

Design Considerations for Enclosed Turboprop Engine Test Cells

2013-10-11
CURRENT
AIR5295A
This document is offered to provide state-of-the-art information about design factors that must be considered in the design of new or significantly modified engine test cells used to test propeller equipped turboprop engines in either QEC or bare engine configurations. The report does not address design considerations for test cells designed to test turboprop engines with dynamometer type load absorption devices because they are essentially tested as turboshaft engines. Design considerations for those test cells are presented in AIR4989, Reference 2.1.
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