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Technical Paper

Natural Gas Autoignition Under Diesel Conditions: Experiments and Chemical Kinetic Modeling

The effects of ambient gas thermodynamic state and fuel composition on the autoignition of natural gas under direct-injection diesel conditions were studied experimentally in a constant-volume combustion vessel and computationally using a detailed chemical kinetic model. Natural gas compositions representative of variations observed across the U.S. were considered. These results extend previous observations to more realistic natural gas compositions and a wider range of thermodynamic states that include the top-dead-center conditions in the natural gas version of the 6V-92 engine being developed by Detroit Diesel Corporation. At temperatures less than 1200 K, the experiments demonstrated that the ignition delay of natural gas under diesel conditions has a dependence on temperature that is Arrhenius in character and a dependence on pressure that is close to first order.