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Technical Paper

Vibration and Noise Reduction Technology Development by Diesel Engine Fuel System Modeling

In this paper, the vibration and noise reduction technology for diesel common rail injection system is studied. The NV problems of the injection system come typically from mechanical contacts (injector needle, pump) or fluid pulsations. They are exciting the injection system, which translates the excitations to the engine through the connection points. But it's not easy to identify the characteristic of internal excitation force exactly, so the simulation model based measurement test is considered at here. In order to predict the vibrations due to excitation related with the injection system of the diesel engine, the 1D/3D simulation models are used and the necessary dynamic tests, which are needed to create and validate the models, are done in the test bench.
Technical Paper

Idle Sound Quality Development for Diesel V6 Engine

A comprehensive investigation was carried out in order to develop the idle sound quality for diesel V6 engine when the engine development process is applied to power-train system, which included new 8-speed automatic transmission for breaking down the noise contribution between the mechanical excitation and the combustion excitation. First of all, the improvement of dynamic characteristic can be achieved during the early stages of the engine development process using experimental modal analysis (EMA) & the robust design of each engine functional system. In addition, the engine structural attenuation (SA) is enhanced such that the radiated combustion noise of the engine can be maintained at a target level even with an increased combustion excitation. It was found that the engine system has better parts and worse parts in frequency range throughout the SA analysis. It is important that weak points in the system should be optimized.
Technical Paper

Optimization of the High Frequency Noise for the Passenger Car Diesel Engine

In accordance with the characteristics of the engine structure and of combustion excitation, diesel engines have distinctive noise characteristics in comparison to gasoline engines. In particular, the combustion excitation of the diesel engine produces significant excitation of high frequency noise. This paper describes the influence of the piston pin clearance, bed-plate design, and transmission bell housing structure, using a variety of experimental methods. Design solutions to improve the high frequency noise of diesel engines are also provided, beginning with identification of the root cause for noise generation, through the design modification of the engine structure, to the control of combustion excitation forces.
Technical Paper

An Optimization of Dual Continuously Variable Valve Timing for Reducing Intake Orifice Noise of a SI Engine

For optimizing the performance of SI engine such as engine torque, fuel consumption, and emissions, various types of system for variable valve timing were developed by many automotive researchers. In this paper, we investigated the relationship between valve timing and intake orifice noise, and suggested how to improve NVH (Noise, Vibration and Harshness) performance as well as engine torque. Some experiments using the engine dynamometer were carried over about 150 different operating conditions. BEM analysis was also conducted in order to calculate acoustic modes of intake system. The results show that the valve timing and overlap of breathing systems have influence on NVH behavior, especially intake orifice noise over whole range of operating conditions. Valve timing and overlap of intake and exhaust valve were optimized in the view of sound quality as well as overall noise level.
Technical Paper

NVH Optimization of HMC 3.0L V6 Diesel Engine

Hyundai has developed a brand new 3.0L V6 diesel engine for luxury vehicle with electronic VGT, piezo injector and bedplate block structure. In addition to challenging targets for fuel consumption and emission levels, engine specifications were focused on performance and NVH. This paper presents the detailed process of reinforcing engine components such as block, cylinder head and oil pan in view of low sound pressure and high quality. Generally, the fast reaction speed of piezo injector can improve the emission, but it usually causes injector noise. We reduced this noise through developing new ECU logic and isolating this part with noise reduction foam. In addition to that, we could reduce the combustion noise using DoE method for the optimization of injection parameters considering the emission and fuel economy. As a result of these attempts, 3∼4dBA of overall sound pressure level from engine itself could be reduced without any loss of fuel economy and power characteristics.
Technical Paper

Noise Reduction and Sound Quality Improvement of Valve Train in V6 Gasoline Engine

This paper presents an advanced technique for noise reduction and sound quality analysis in direct-acting type of valve train system. Mechanical Lash Adjust (MLA) system has lower friction loss and simpler and lighter structure in comparison with Hydraulic Lash Adjust (HLA). Despite of such advantages, MLA system has a weak point which generates harsh impulsive noise whenever cam comes into contact or detaches suddenly from tappet during the valve operation in the ramp area. A sound quality analysis technique was used to analyze the detail noise and vibration characteristics during valve opening and closing operation respectively. This paper describes a procedure and advanced technique to identify noise sources and its generation mechanism by analyzing measured data taken from direct-acting valve train system. Subsequently, an optimum cam profile was redesigned and used in new Hyundai-motor V6 engine.
Technical Paper

Experimental and Analytical Approach for Identification of Driveline Clunk Source & Transfer Path

Driveline clunk is perceived as disturbing metallic noise due to severe impact at driveline components such as gear pairs when the engine torque is suddenly applied and transmitted to the driveline system. In this work, experimental method detecting the most contributive gear pair to the clunk generation was investigated and applied to mini van vehicle of front-engine and rear-wheel-drive. Another experimental method, TPA (Transfer Path Analysis), was employed to identify transfer path of the clunk. And then, driveline clunk model was developed using commercial multi-body-dynamics program, ADAMS, in order to further investigate the critical clunk mechanism and potential clunk reduction solutions by performing parameter study.
Technical Paper

Powertrain-related vehicle sound development

This paper reflects an efficient and comprehensive approach for vehicle sound optimization integrated into the entire development process. It shows the benefits of early consideration of typical vehicle NVH features and of intensive interaction of P/T and vehicle responsibilities. The process presented here considers the typical restriction that acoustically representative prototypes of engines and vehicles are not available simultaneously at the early development phase. For process optimization at this stage, a method for vehicle interior noise estimation is developed, which bases on measurements from the P/T test bench only, while the vehicle transfer behavior for airborne and structure-borne noise is assumed to be similar to a favorable existing vehicle. This method enables to start with the pre- optimization of the pure P/T and its components by focusing on such approaches which are mainly relevant for the vehicle interior noise.
Technical Paper

Torsional Vibration Characteristics of a Crankshaft with a Rubber Damper

The crankshaft torsional vibration angle is measured from a running engine, using a toothed wheel attached to the front of crankshaft. The torsional vibration stress near the node of torsional vibration is also measured by using strain gages mounted on the journal of crankshaft in a running engine. A theoretical analysis of torsional vibration of crankshaft is performed with a simplified model subject to the excitation torque. The comparison between the theoretical and experimental results shows that the idealized approach is applicable to predict the torsional vibration of crankshaft. It is found that the torsional vibration of crankshaft is mainly dependent upon the characteristics of rubber damper, i.e., the stiffness and damping coefficient of rubber, and the inertia of damper ring. It is recognized that the rubber damper should be carefully selected considering the variation in the dynamic characteristics of rubber.