Refine Your Search

Search Results

Viewing 1 to 15 of 15
Technical Paper

Parameter Design of a Parallel Hydraulic Hybrid Vehicle Driving System Based on Regenerative Braking Control Strategy

2019-04-02
2019-01-0368
In this paper, hydraulic driving system parameters of a parallel hydraulic hybrid vehicle are designed based on the regenerative braking requirement. Torque, speed and power demands during typical driving cycles are analyzed. The braking control strategy is designed considering both the braking safety and braking energy recovery efficiency. The hydraulic braking torque is determined by the braking control strategy. The proportional relationship of hydraulic pump/ motor output torque and its working pressure is considered. Through simulation with typical city driving cycles, most braking energy can be recovered by the proposed hydraulic driving system and braking control strategy.
Technical Paper

Investigation of the Influence of an Hydraulically Interconnected Suspension (HIS) on Steady-State Cornering

2017-03-28
2017-01-0430
This paper introduces a vehicle model in CarSim, and replaces a portion of its standard suspension system with an HIS model built in an external software to implement co-simulations. The maneuver we employ to characterize the HIS vehicle is a constant radius method, i.e. observing the vehicle’s steering wheel angle by fixing its cornering radius and gradually increasing its longitudinal speed. The principles of the influence of HIS systems on cornering mainly focus on two factors: lateral load transfer and roll steer effect. The concept of the front lateral load transfer occupancy ratio (FLTOR) is proposed to evaluate the proportions of lateral load transfer at front and rear axles. The relationship between toe and suspension compression is dismissed firstly to demonstrate the effects of lateral load transfer and then introduced to illustrate the effects of roll motion on cornering.
Technical Paper

Active Hydraulically Interconnected Suspension. Modeling and Simulation

2017-03-28
2017-01-1561
Rollover prevention is one of the prominent priorities in vehicle safety and handling control. A promising alternative for roll angle cancellation is the active hydraulically interconnected suspension. This paper represents the analytical model of a closed circuit active hydraulically interconnected suspension system followed by the simulation. Passive hydraulically interconnected suspension systems have been widely discussed and studied up to now. This work specifically focuses on the active hydraulically interconnected suspension system. Equations of motion of the system are formalized first. The system consists of two separate subsystems that can be modeled independently and further combined for simulation. One of the two subsystems is 4 degrees of freedom half-car model which simulates vehicle lateral dynamics and vehicle roll angle response to lateral acceleration in particular.
Journal Article

The Safety and Dynamic Performance of Blended Brake System on a Two-Speed DCT Based Battery Electric Vehicle

2016-04-05
2016-01-0468
Regenerative braking has been widely accepted as a feasible option to extend the mileage of electric vehicles (EVs) by recapturing the vehicle’s kinetic energy instead of dissipating it as heat during braking. The regenerative braking force provided by a generator is applied to the wheels in an entirely different manner compared to the traditional hydraulic-friction brake system. Drag torque and efficiency loss may be generated by transmitting the braking force from the motor, axles, differential and, specifically in this paper, a two-speed dual clutch transmission (DCT) to wheels. Additionally, motors in most battery EVs (BEVs) and hybrid electric vehicle (HEVs) are only connected to front or rear axle. Consequently, conventional hydraulic brake system is still necessary, but dynamic and supplement to motor brake, to meet particular brake requirement and keep vehicle stable and steerable during braking.
Journal Article

Vehicle Parameter Estimation Based on Full-Car Dynamic Testing

2015-04-14
2015-01-0636
Effectively obtaining physical parameters for vehicle dynamic model is the key to successfully performing any computer-based dynamic analysis, control strategy development or optimization. For a spring and lump mass vehicle model, which is a type of vehicle model widely used, its physical parameters include sprung mass, unsprung mass, inertial properties of the sprung mass, stiffness and damping coefficient of suspension and tire, etc. To minimize error, the paper proposes a method to estimate these parameters from vehicle modal parameters which are in turn obtained through full-car dynamic testing. To verify its effectiveness, a visual vehicle with a set of given parameters, build in the Adams(Automatic Dynamic Analysis of Mechanical Systems)/Car environment, is used to perform the dynamic testing and provide the testing data for the parameter estimation.
Technical Paper

Tyre Load Analysis of Hydro-Pneumatic Interconnected Suspension with Zero Warp Suspension Stiffness

2015-04-14
2015-01-0630
The purpose of this paper is to present a concept of Hydro-Pneumatic Interconnected Suspension (HPIS) and investigate the unique property of the zero warp suspension stiffness. Due to the decoupling of warp mode from other modes, the road holding ability of the vehicle is maximized meanwhile the roll stability and ride comfort can be tuned independently and optimally without compromise. Ride comfort can be improved with reduced bounce stiffness and the progressive air spring rate can reduce the requirement of suspension deflection space. The roll stability can also be improved by increased roll stiffness. Vehicle suspension system modelling and modal analysis are carried out and compared with conventional suspension. The frequency response of tyres' dynamic load reveals that the proposed zero-warp-stiffness suspension enables the free articulation of front and rear axles at low frequency.
Technical Paper

Implementation and Experimental Study of a Novel Air Spring Combined with Hydraulically Interconnected Suspension to Enhance Roll Stiffness on Buses

2015-04-14
2015-01-0652
Air spring due to its superior ride comfort performance has been widely used in distance passenger transporting vehicles. Since the requirements for ride comfort and handling performance are contradict to each other, handling performance and even roll stability are sacrificed to some extent to obtain good ride comfort. Due to the complex terrain and limited manufacturing level, in the past several years, bus rollover accidents with serious casualties have been reported frequently and bus safety has attracted more and more attention from bus manufacturers in China. On one hand the bus standards have to be raised, and on the other hand, novel solutions which can effectively improve the roll stability of air spring bus are needed to replace the inadequacy of anti-roll bars.
Technical Paper

Experimental Investigation of Interconnected Hydraulic Suspensions with Different Configurations to Soften Warp Mode for Improving Off-Road Vehicle Trafficability

2015-04-14
2015-01-0658
Hydraulic suspension systems with different interconnected configurations can decouple suspension mode and improve performance of a particular mode. In this paper, two types of interconnected suspensions are compared for off-road vehicle trafficability. Traditionally, anti-roll bar, a mechanically interconnected suspension system, connecting left and right suspension, decouples roll mode from the bounce mode and results in a stiff roll mode and a soft bounce mode, which is desired. However, anti-roll bars fail to connect the front wheel motions with the rear wheels', thus the wheels' motions in the warp mode are affected by anti-roll bars and it results an undesired stiffened warp mode. A stiffened warp mode limits the wheel-ground contact and may cause one wheel lift up especially during off-road drive. In contrast with anti-roll bars, two types of hydraulic suspensions which interconnect four wheels (for two-axis vehicles) can further decouple articulation mode from other modes.
Technical Paper

An Electric Scooter with Super-Capacitor Drive and Regenerative Braking

2014-04-01
2014-01-1878
This paper presents a smart electric scooter system consisting of a microprocessor based vehicle controller (integrating an embedded regenerative braking controller), a 300W Permanent Magnet (PM) DC motor, two low-power DC-DC converters to form a higher power DC-DC converter pack, a motor controller, a supercapacitor bank and a capacitor cell balancing sub-system.
Journal Article

Handling Analysis of a Vehicle Fitted with Roll-Plane Hydraulically Interconnected Suspension Using Motion-Mode Energy Method

2014-04-01
2014-01-0110
This paper employs the motion-mode energy method (MEM) to investigate the effects of a roll-plane hydraulically interconnected suspension (HIS) system on vehicle body-wheel motion-mode energy distribution. A roll-plane HIS system can directly provide stiffness and damping to vehicle roll motion-mode, in addition to spring and shock absorbers in each wheel station. A four degree-of-freedom (DOF) roll-plane half-car model is employed for this study, which contains four body-wheel motion-modes, including body bounce mode, body roll mode, wheel bounce mode and wheel roll mode. For a half-car model, its dynamic energy contained in the relative motions between its body and wheels is a sum of the energy of these four motion-modes. Numerical examples and full-car experiments are used to illustrate the concept of the effects of HIS on motion-mode energy distribution.
Journal Article

Design of Hydraulically Interconnected Suspension Systems for Tri-axle Straight Trucks with Rear Tandem Axle Bogie Suspensions

2013-04-08
2013-01-1237
This study has proposed a new roll-resistant hydraulically interconnected suspension (HIS) system for a tri-axle straight truck with rear tandem axle bogie suspension to suppress the roll motion of truck body. The equations of motion of the mechanical and hydraulic coupling system are established by incorporating the hydraulic forces as external forces into the mechanical subsystem, in which the hydraulic forces are derived using impedance transfer matrix method and related to the state vectors of mechanical subsystem at the boundaries. Based on the derived equations of the coupling system, modal analysis method is employed to investigate the dynamic characteristics, including natural frequencies, mode shapes and dynamic responses. The results indicate that the proposed HIS system can effectively enhance the natural frequencies of truck body pitch and roll modes, and significantly increase the mode damping. The mode shapes of truck body are also changed.
Technical Paper

Experimental Comparison of Anti-Roll Bar with Hydraulically Interconnected Suspension in Articulation Mode

2013-04-08
2013-01-0710
A detailed experimental study to quantitatively compare a roll-plane hydraulically interconnected suspension with anti-roll bar in articulation (warp) mode is presented in this paper. Anti-roll bar as part of conventional vehicle suspension system is a standard configuration widely used in road vehicles to provide the essential roll-stiffness to enhance vehicle handling and safety during fast cornering. However the drawback of anti-roll bar is apparent that they limit the wheels' travel on uneven road surface and weaken the wheel/ground holding ability, particularly in articulation mode. Roll-plane Hydraulically Interconnected Suspension (HIS) system, as a potential replacement of anti-roll bar, could effectively increase vehicle roll-stiffness and provide the tunable damping effect, without compromising vehicle's flexibility in articulation mode.
Journal Article

Experimental Investigation of a Hydraulically Interconnected Suspension in Vehicle Dynamics and Stability Control

2012-04-16
2012-01-0240
Mainly motivated by developing cost-effective vehicle anti-roll systems, hydraulically interconnected suspension has been studied in the past decade to replace anti-roll bars. It has been proved theoretically and practically that hydraulic suspensions have superior anti-roll ability over anti-roll bars, and therefore they have achieved commercial success in racing cars and luxury sports utility vehicles (SUVs). However, since vehicle is a highly coupled complex system, it is necessary to investigate/evaluate the hydraulic-suspension-fitted-vehicle's dynamic performance in other aspects, apart from anti-roll ability, such as ride comfort, lateral stability, etc. This paper presents an experimental investigation of a SUV fitted with a hydraulically interconnected suspension under a severe steady steering maneuver; the result is compared with a same type vehicle fitted with anti-roll bars.
Journal Article

Transient Responses of a Hydraulic Power Assisted Vehicle Steering System

2011-04-12
2011-01-0984
This paper presents a comprehensive model of a hydraulic power steering system for predicting the transient responses under various steering inputs. The first principles of multi-body system dynamics and fluid mechanics are applied to model key nonlinear components and in particular, the rotary spool valve, piped fluid lines, the frictional coupling between multiple contacting surfaces with use of the empirical data. The system model, which integrates together all of lump masses, fluid line elements and hydraulic components, is formulated using the state space representation approach. It contains time-variant coefficient matrices resulting from the nonlinearities in the fluids systems. A numerical simulation scheme is developed to obtain the system transient responses and the results are compared with those measured from the tests.
Technical Paper

Sensitivity of Key Parameters to Dynamics of Hydraulic Power Steering Systems

2005-05-16
2005-01-2389
A comprehensive mathematical model of a typical hydraulic power rack and pinion steering system is developed, and the dynamic characteristics of the steering system are analyzed. The mechanism, hydraulic supply lines and the rotary spool valve of a hydraulic power steering system are included in the model, and the numerical calculation is conducted to investigate the sensitivities of the key parameters of the steering system. The results show that the profile of the spool valve and the fluctuation of flow rates significantly affect the dynamic characteristics the steering system.
X