Influence of Zn, Mo, P, S-contained Engine Oil Additives on Abnormal Combustion in a Spark Ignition Engine
A Spark Ignition Engine has some kinds of problem to be solved over many years, one of them is abnormal combustion; Low-speed pre-ignition (LSPI) under low-speed, high-load driving conditions for vehicle, and pre-ignition under longterm operation without cleaning a combustion chamber for gas cogeneration. As a cause for abnormal combustion, engine oil droplets diluted by liquid fuel and peeled combustion deposits delivered from engine oil are proposed. In this study, experiments were conducted focusing on engine oil additives having different chemical structure and abnormal combustion behavior. A four-stroke side-valve single cylinder engine that allowed in-cylinder visualization of the combustion flame was used in the experiments. The experimental results showed that the influence of DTC additive on abnormal combustion is small and the zinc component contained in the DTP additives had the effect of advancing the autoignition timing.