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Standard

Spark Arrester Test Carbon

2013-03-26
CURRENT
J997_201303
This SAE Standard establishes physical properties required of SAE Coarse Test Carbon and SAE Fine Test Carbon and establishes test methods to ensure that these requirements are met.
Standard

Multiposition Small Engine Exhaust System Fire Ignition Suppression

2012-10-23
CURRENT
J335_201210
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes equipment and test procedures for determining the performance of spark arrester exhaust systems of multiposition small engines (<19 kW) used in portable applications, including hand-held, hand-guided, and backpack mounted devices. It is not applicable to spark arresters used in vehicles or stationary equipment.
Standard

Emissions Terminology and Nomenclature

2011-09-06
CURRENT
J1145_201109
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to nomenclature of emissions and emissions reduction apparatus as applied to various engines and vehicles. Modifying adjectives are omitted in some cases for the sake of simplicity. However, it is considered good practice to use such adjectives when they add to clarity and understanding.
Standard

Constant Volume Sampler System for Exhaust Emissions Measurement

2011-09-06
CURRENT
J1094_201109
This SAE Information Report describes uniform laboratory techniques for employing the constant volume sampler (CVS) system in measuring various constituents in the exhaust gas of gasoline engines installed on passenger cars and light trucks. The techniques described relate particularly to CVS systems employing positive displacement pumps. This is essentially an almost obsolete system relative to usage in industry and government. Current practice favors the use of a critical flow venturi to measure the diluted exhaust flow. In some areas of CVS practice, alternative procedures are given as a guide toward development of uniform laboratory techniques. The report includes the following sections: Introduction 1. Scope 2. References 2.1 Applicable Publications 3. Definitions 4. Test Equipment 4.1 Sampler 4.2 Bag Analysis 4.3 Modal Analysis 4.4 Instrument Operating Procedures 4.5 Supplementary Discussions 4.6 Tailpipe Connections 4.7 Chassis Dynamometer 5.
Standard

Impact of Alternative Fuels on Engine Test and Reporting Procedures

2011-09-06
CURRENT
J1515_201109
The guidelines in this SAE Information Report are directed at laboratory engine dynamometer test procedures with alternative fuels, and they are applicable to four-stroke and two-stroke cycle spark ignition (SI) and diesel (CI) engines (naturally aspirated or pressure charged, with or without charge air cooling). A brief overview of investigations with some alternative fuels can be found in SAE J1297. Other SAE documents covering vehicle, engine, or component testing may be affected by use of alternative fuels. Some of the documents that may be affected can be found in Appendix A. Guidelines are provided for the engine power test code (SAE J1349) in Appendix D. The principles of these guidelines may apply to other procedures and codes, but the effects have not been investigated. The report is organized into four technical sections, each dealing with an important aspect of testing or reporting of results when using alternative fuels.
Standard

Manual Transmission and Transaxle Efficiency and Parasitic Loss Measurement

2011-09-02
CURRENT
J2453_201109
Because of the intense focus on CAFE and fuel emission standards, optimization of the automobile drivetrain is imperative. In light of this, component efficiencies have become an important factor in the drivetrain decision-making process. It has therefore become necessary to develop a universal standard to judge transmission efficiency. This SAE Recommended Practice specifies the dynamometer test procedure which maps a manual transmission’s efficiency. The document is separated into two parts. The first compares input and output torque throughout a specified input speed range in order to determine “in-gear” transmission efficiency. The second procedure measures parasitic losses experienced while in neutral at nominal idling speeds and also churning losses while in gear. The application of this document is intended for passenger car and light truck. All references to transmissions throughout this document include transaxles.
Standard

Engine Terminology and Nomenclature - General

2011-08-05
CURRENT
J604_201108
This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to all types of reciprocating engines including two-stroke cycle and free piston engines, and was prepared to facilitate clear understanding and promote uniformity in nomenclature. Modifying adjectives in some cases were omitted for simplicity. However, it is good practice to use adjectives when they add to clarity and understanding.
Standard

Measurement of Intake Air or Exhaust Gas Flow of Diesel Engines

2011-06-13
CURRENT
J244_201106
This procedure establishes recommendations on the measurement of diesel engine intake air flow under steady-state test conditions. The measurement methods discussed have been limited to metering systems and associated equipment found in common usage in the industry, specifically, nozzles, laminar flow devices, and vortex shedding. The procedure establishes accuracy goals as well as explains proper usage of equipment. The recommendations concerning diesel engine exhaust mass flow measurements are minimal in scope.
Standard

Instrumentation and Techniques for Exhaust Gas Emissions Measurement

2011-06-10
CURRENT
J254_201106
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform laboratory techniques for the continuous and bag-sample measurement of various constituents in the exhaust gas of the gasoline engines installed in passenger cars and light-duty trucks. The report concentrates on the measurement of the following components in exhaust gas: hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), oxygen (O2), and nitrogen oxides (NOx). NOx is the sum of nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). A complete procedure for testing vehicles may be found in SAE J1094. This document includes the following sections: 1. Scope 2. References 3. Emissions Sampling Systems 4. Emissions Analyzers 5. Data Analysis 6. Associated Test Equipment 7. Test Procedures
Standard

Guide to the Application and Use of Passenger Car Air-Conditioning Compressor Face Seals

2002-10-25
CURRENT
J1954_200210
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended as a guide in the usage of mechanical face seals for the passenger car air-conditioning compressor application. Included in this guide is a compilation of present practices; for example, a description of various type seals, material combinations, design data, tolerances, drawing format, qualification testing, inspection information, and quality control data. The terminology used is recommended to promote uniformity in seal nomenclature.
Standard

Continuous Hydrocarbon Analysis of Diesel Emissions

2002-10-21
CURRENT
J215_200210
The method presented is the current recommendation for the use of flame ionization detectors to determine the hydrocarbon content of diesel engine exhaust, or exhaust of vehicles using diesel engines, when operating at steady-state. The requirements of the associated sampling system and a general procedure for a continuous measuring method are presented. This SAE Recommended Practice provides for the continuous measurement of the hydrocarbon concentration in diesel exhaust.
Standard

Determination of Sulfur Compounds in Automotive Exhaust

2002-10-21
CURRENT
J1280_200210
This SAE Information Report deals exclusively with the determination of sulfur compounds in automotive exhaust. Engine operating cycles and interpretation of results are not covered. Methods described in detail are those that have been or are being used by various laboratories. None are specifically recommended as superior to others. Since intensive measurement of automotive sulfur compounds is a relatively new activity, methods and practices have changed rapidly. Some methods are more experimental than others and are so noted in the test.
Standard

Diesel Engine Emission Measurement Procedure

2002-10-21
CURRENT
J1003_200210
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for use as a test procedure to determine the gaseous emission level of diesel engines. Its purpose is to provide a map of an engine's emissions characteristics which, through use of the proper weighing factors, can be used as a measure of that engine's emission levels under various applications. The emission results for hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide are expressed in units of grams per kilowatt hour (grams/brake horsepower hour) and represent the mass rate of emissions per unit of work accomplished. The emissions are measured in accordance with SAE Recommended Practices J177, J215, and J244 using nondispersive infrared equipment for CO and CO2, a heated flame ionization analyzer for HC, and a high performance NDIR or a chemiluminescence analyzer for NO{sub}x. All emissions are measured during steady-state engine operation.
Standard

Measurement of Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, and Oxides of Nitrogen in Diesel Exhaust

2002-10-21
CURRENT
J177_200210
The method presented applies to the analysis of the indicated constituents in diesel engine exhaust, or vehicles using diesel engines, when operating at steady-state conditions. The measurements of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and nitric oxide are based on continuous sampling and analysis by nondispersive infrared (NDIR) methods. Measurement of total oxides of nitrogen by chemiluminescence and NDIR methods is discussed. This SAE Recommended Practice provides for the measurement of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen in diesel exhaust.
Standard

Continuous Hydrocarbon Analysis of Diesel Emissions

1995-03-01
HISTORICAL
J215_199503
The method presented is the current recommendation for the use of flame ionization detectors to determine the hydrocarbon content of diesel engine exhaust, or exhaust of vehicles using diesel engines, when operating at steady-state. The requirements of the associated sampling system and a general procedure for a continuous measuring method are presented. This SAE Recommended Practice provides for the continuous measurement of the hydrocarbon concentration in diesel exhaust.
Standard

Constant Volume Sampler System for Exhaust Emissions Measurement

1992-06-01
HISTORICAL
J1094_199206
This SAE Information Report describes uniform laboratory techniques for employing the constant volume sampler (CVS) system in measuring various constituents in the exhaust gas of gasoline engines installed on passenger cars and light trucks. The techniques described relate particularly to CVS systems employing positive displacement pumps. In some areas of CVS practice, alternate procedures are given as a guide toward development of uniform laboratory techniques.
Standard

SPARK ARRESTER TEST PROCEDURE FOR MEDIUM SIZE ENGINES

1991-01-01
CURRENT
J350_199101
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes equipment and procedures for testing spark arresters used on medium-size, single-position internal combustion engines, normally used in transportable, stationary, and vehicular applications, such as highway trucks, agricultural tractors, industrial tractors, other mobile equipment, and motorcycles. This document provides two methods of testing (laboratory testing and engine testing) which may be used to evaluate a spark arrester. It also includes special requirements for screen type devices and an endurance test procedure for screen type spark arresters.
Standard

Diesel Engine Emission Measurement Procedure

1990-06-01
HISTORICAL
J1003_199006
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for use as a test procedure to determine the gaseous emission level of diesel engines. Its purpose is to provide a map of an engine's emissions characteristics which, through use of the proper weighing factors, can be used as a measure of that engine's emission levels under various applications. The emission results for hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide are expressed in units of grams per kilowatt hour (grams/brake horsepower hour) and represent the mass rate of emissions per unit of work accomplished. The emissions are measured in accordance with SAE Recommended Practices J177, J215, and J244 using nondispersive infrared equipment for CO and CO2, a heated flame ionization analyzer for HC, and a high performance NDIR or a chemiluminescence analyzer for NO{sub}x. All emissions are measured during steady-state engine operation.
Standard

Guide to the Application and Use of Passenger Car Air-Conditioning Compressor Face Seals

1990-05-01
HISTORICAL
J1954_199005
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended as a guide in the usage of mechanical face seals for the passenger car air-conditioning compressor application. Included in this guide is a compilation of present practices; for example, a description of various type seals, material combinations, design data, tolerances, drawing format, qualification testing, inspection information, and quality control data. The terminology used is recommended to promote uniformity in seal nomenclature.
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