Novel Rankine Cycle for Hybrid Vehicles
The European Union (EU) has defined legally-binding targets for the fleet of new cars allowing 95 grams CO2 per kilometer in 2021. It is already under discussion to reduce average emissions of the EU car fleet by further 15% in 2025 and again by 30% in 2030 compared to 2021 goal. Therefore, improvement of fuel economy is becoming one of the most important issues for the car manufacturers. Today’s conventional car powertrain systems are reaching their technical limits and will not be able to meet future fuel economy targets without further development of additional measures. This paper presents the analysis of a Rankine cycle unit applied to improve the overall efficiency of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). The authors propose a new concept for recovering a considerable part of exhaust waste heat from an HEV with spark ignition internal combustion engine (ICE) by applying a bottoming Rankine cycle with a Ruths storage tank.