Palladium and Platinum/Rhodium Dual-Catalyst NLEV and Tier IIa Close-Coupled Emission Solutions
Dual-monolith converters containing Pd-only catalysts followed by Pt/Rh three-way catalysts (TWCs) provide effective emission solutions for NLEV and Tier IIa close-coupled dual-bank V-8 applications due to optimal hydrocarbon and NOx light-off, transient NOx control, and balance of precious metal (PGM) usage. Dual-catalyst [Pd +Pt/Rh] systems on a 5.3L V-8 LEV light truck vehicle were characterized as a function of PGM loading, catalyst technology, and substrate cell density. NLEV hydrocarbon emission control of the 6500 lb vehicle was optimal using dual 1.2L converters with each containing front ceria-free Pd catalysts coupled with rear Pt/Rh TWCs. Advanced non-air prototype calibrations coupled with reduced catalyst washcoat mass on 600cpsi/4mil substrate resulted in minimal Pd usage of ∼0.02 toz/vehicle due to achieving catalyst inlet temperatures of 350-400°C in <10 sec on both banks of the V-8 engine.