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Technical Paper

Fuzzy PID Based Optimization of Starting Control for AMT Clutch of Heavy-duty Trucks

Starting control has become a troublesome issue in the developing field of the control system for heavy-duty trucks, due to the complexity of vehicle driving and the variability of driver's intention. The too fast clutch engagement may result in serious impact, influence on the comfort and fatigue life, and even the engine flameout, while the too slow clutch engagement may lead to long time of friction, the increased temperature, and accelerated wear of friction pair, as well as influence on the power performance and fatigue life[1]. Therefore, the key technique of starting control is clutch engagement control, for which the fuzzy PID based optimization of starting control for AMT clutch is proposed, with the pneumatic AMT clutch of heavy-duty trucks as the research object.
Technical Paper

Research on Shift Control Strategy in Braking Conditions of Automatic Transmission Vehicles based on Fuzzy Inference

In a traditional shift control strategy, the gear range is selected based on the throttle opening and the vehicle speed. The disadvantage of two-parameter based system is that the shift map is lack of adaptability in certain special conditions. The driving environment and the true intentions of the drivers are not fully taken into account by the shift control system. Therefore, improving the feasibility of the shift control strategy for the true intentions of the driver and driving environment is of great significance. Under braking conditions, Automatic transmission shift map with two parameters is unable to use engine braking effectively, which affects the drivability and safety of vehicles greatly. This paper presents a newly developed shift control strategy under braking conditions. First of all, the necessity of engine braking was analyzed.
Technical Paper

A Multi-Layered and Modular Design Approach for Developing AMT Control System in Battery Electric Vehicles

The battery electric vehicle (BEV) equipped with automatic mechanical transmission (AMT) can realize gear-shifting automatically based on the optimal shift schedule and thereby gains higher economy and dynamics performances as well as easy drivability. As one of electronic control systems in BEV, the AMT control system takes charge of drivetrain control and plays an important role. However, nowadays the development of electronic control systems in automobile industry is facing a variety of challenges which mainly arise from complex functional requirements and market pressure, and it's the same to the development of AMT control system. This paper presents a multi-layered and modular design approach for the development of AMT control system in a battery electric bus. The multi-layered design approach divides system into two high-level layers, each of which is then divided into a number of low-level layers.
Technical Paper

Hydrodynamic Synchromesh Automated Transmission Optimization and Control Aimed for Fuel Consumption Reduction

With the work medium of automatic transmission fluid (ATF), torque converter (TC) functions perfect performances such as smooth start, torque amplification, and the peak load restraint, and these properties makes the TC most suitable for off-road vehicles. An idea on the integration of TC and synchromesh gear box with their respective advantages is explored and introduced in this paper; here the system is named as Hydrodynamic Synchromesh Automated Transmission (HSAT). An automated control system makes the gear box as an automated manual transmission (AMT). HSAT takes TC as the starting device and accomplish shift process through AMT. The flow field optimized TC structure and the match calculation among the three parts of engine, TC and synchromesh gearbox; made this powertrain system has a good performance and the ability to reduce the fuel consumption.
Technical Paper

Starting Quality Assessment and Optimization for Automated Manual Transmission

A good starting quality for AMT (Automated Manual Transmission) vehicles means that the vehicle is started quickly and smoothly on the premise of protecting powertrain system. The starting quality is closely related to the vehicle ride comfort and the service life of powertrain system. In order to improve the starting quality, a good idea is evaluating the starting process firstly and then optimizing the control strategy. However this method has two problems to be solved. The first one is how to define a series of objective criterions to judge the starting quality, and the other is how to select a suitable algorithm to optimize the starting control. This paper focuses on the starting quality assessment and optimization of AMT vehicles. First, the assessment criterions for starting quality are defined in detail from the control point of view and a corresponding assessment system is created.
Journal Article

Gear-Shift Strategy for a Clutchless Automated Manual Transmission in Battery Electric Vehicles

The battery electric vehicles (BEVs) equipped with automated manual transmission (AMT) can realize gear-shift automatically and show many advantages in terms of reduction of fuel consumption and improvement of driving comfort and shifting quality. This paper focuses on the gear-shift control strategy for a clutchless AMT in a battery electric bus. Compared with the traditional ICE vehicles, the studied battery electric bus has the different powertrain structure, which consequently requires a different gear-shift strategy. First, the so-called clutchless AMT means that the clutch usually used in the conventional AMT vehicles is removed. Second, the synchronizer within the transmission is omitted and that means only the sleeves are employed to accomplish engagement of gears. In order to find the key factors that affect gear-shift operation of AMT in battery electric bus, the several gear-shift phases including “Gear Release”, “Synchronization”, and “Gear Engagement” are modeled.
Technical Paper

Engine Constant Speed Control in Starting and Shifting Process of Automated Mechanical Transmission (AMT)

The coordination of engine will influence the starting and shifting quality of AMT. Heretofore, the study on this aspect is mainly limited to the engine torque control. But for the difficulty of installing torque sensor, just open loop control is adopted, so that the effects don't be satisfactory. This paper puts forward the strategy of engine constant speed control in starting and shifting process, based on the view of kinematics and dynamics. The main idea is that the target speed of engine is constituted according to the different throttle opening, and the deviation between the target speed and the actual speed will be limited through clutch control and fuel injection control in starting and shifting process, which not only greatly reduce the work of slipping and prolong the life of the clutch, but also reduce the fuel consumption and the noise, improve the shift quality in starting and shifting process.
Technical Paper

A Research on Starting Control Strategy of Vehicle with AMT

Starting control takes an important role in the system of Automated Mechanical Transmission (AMT); clutch engagement control is the key of it. For the purpose to improving the starting performance of AMT, this paper develops the relation between clutch engaging speed and starting jerk, the relation between engine rotate speed and the friction work in starting process. According to the relations, a starting control strategy of keeping the engine rotate speed constant is putted forward in this paper. The main idea of the strategy is to keep the engine run at a lower rotating speed and don't make it flameout through controlling clutch engagement distance and clutch engagement speed in starting process. Based on the strategy, the clutch control map figures which individually correspond with throttle opening, engine rotate speed and difference between clutch master and slave plate rotate speed are built.
Technical Paper

A Strategy of On-board Fault Diagnosis of Automated Mechanical Transmission

The paper introduces an on-board fault diagnosis strategy based on analytical redundancy suit for automated mechanical transmission (AMT). Through experiment and theory analysis an identified engine model, a gear box model and a dry clutch model controlled by hydraulic actuators are respectively established. The information redundancy in the local models of the power train and the structure logic relations among the assemblages is used to detect and diagnose the fault in the sensors, the actuators and the unit assemblages of the AMT system. The method has been used in the AMT control system developed for the SVWSANTANA2000.