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Technical Paper

Parameter Sensitivity Analysis of a Light Duty Truck Steering Returnability Performance

2017-03-28
2017-01-0428
Steering returnability is an important index for evaluating vehicle handling performance. A systematic method is presented in this paper to reduce the high yaw rate residue and the steering response time for a light duty truck in the steering return test. The vehicle multibody model is established in ADAMS, which takes into consideration of the frictional loss torque and hydraulically assisted steering property in the steering mechanism, since the friction, which exists in steering column, spherical joint, steering universal joint, and steering gear, plays an important role in vehicle returnability performance. The accuracy of the vehicle model is validated by road test and the key parameters are determined by executing the sensitivity analysis, which shows the effect of each design parameter upon returnability performance.
Technical Paper

Recursive Estimation of Vehicle Inertial Parameters Using Polynomial Chaos Theory via Vehicle Handling Model

2015-04-14
2015-01-0433
A new recursive method is presented for real-time estimating the inertia parameters of a vehicle using the well-known Two-Degree-of- Freedom (2DOF) bicycle car model. The parameter estimation is built on the framework of polynomial chaos theory and maximum likelihood estimation. Then the most likely value of both the mass and yaw mass moment of inertia can be obtained based on the numerical simulations of yaw velocity by Newton method. To improve the estimation accuracy, the Newton method is modified by employing the acceptance probability to escape from the local minima during the estimation process. The results of the simulation study suggest that the proposed method can provide quick convergence speed and accurate outputs together with less sensitivity to tuning the initial values of the unidentified parameters.
Technical Paper

Multi-objective Optimization of the PMS Based on Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II

2015-04-14
2015-01-1675
In order to reasonably match the variable stiffness and location of the Powertrain Mounting System (PMS) and optimize the ride comfort of commercial vehicle, a thirteen degrees of freedom (DOF) model of a commercial vehicle was established in Adams/view. Specially, the support rod installed on the upside of the transmission case was modeled as a flexible body. The vibration isolation provided by the PMS was evaluated in three aspects: the energy decoupling of the powertrain, the response force of the mount and the displacement of the powertrain. The energy decoupling ratio, the force RMS of the mount when force excitation was applied on the powertrain and the displacement of the powertrain Center of Gravity (C.G) when displacement excitation was applied on the vehicle chassis were selected as the optimal target. Adams and MATLAB were integrated into the optimization software iSIGHT to optimize the PMS. NSGA-II is used to obtain some Pareto-optimal solutions of PMS.
Technical Paper

Vehicle Handling Dynamics with Uncertainty Using Chebyshev Interval Method

2014-04-01
2014-01-0720
Vehicle systems often operate with some degree of uncertainty. This study applies the Chebyshev interval method to model vehicle dynamic systems operating in the presence of interval parameters. A full vehicle model is used as the numerical model and the methodology is illustrated on the steering wheel angle pulse input test. In the numerical simulation, suspension stiffness coefficients and suspension damping coefficients are chosen as interval parameters and lateral acceleration and yaw rate are chosen to capture vehicle dynamic characteristics. System responses in time domain are validated against Monte Carlo simulations and against the scanning approach. Results indicate that the Chebyshev interval method is more efficient than Monte Carlo simulations. The results of scanning method are similar to the ones obtained with the Chebyshev interval method.
Technical Paper

Robust Design Optimization of an Shock Absorber for Enhancing Ride Performance

2013-04-08
2013-01-0995
There are many uncertain parameters in shock absorbers, which are induced by the manufacturing error, the wear of components and the aging of materials in real vehicle environment. These uncertainties often cause some deterioration of vehicle performance. To optimize the ride characteristic of a vehicle when the shock absorber includes uncertain parameters, the robust design method is used. In this paper, a Twin Tube shock absorber fluid system model has established on the multi-domain modeling environment. This model not only includes the commonly used parameters of the shock absorber but also takes into account the structure parameters of various valves in the shock absorber, which is more detailed and accurate than those models in the past literature. The robust design of the shock absorber parameters is successfully approached using the co-simulation technique, and the ride comfort performance of the vehicle is also improved.
Technical Paper

Robust Design for Vehicle Ride Comfort and Handling with Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm

2013-04-08
2013-01-0415
As is known to all, there are some contradictions between the handling and ride performance during the design process of vehicles. Sometimes owing to serious collisions of each criterion in the high-dimensional solution space, the common method to deal with the contradiction is to transform into a single target according to weights of each objective, which may not obtain a desired result. A multi-criteria approach is therefore adopted to optimize both properties and the result of a multi-criteria design is not a unique one but a series of balanced solutions. This paper is focused on the robust design of a simplified vehicle model in terms of not only ride comfort but also handling and stability using a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm (MOEA) method. Using the proposed method, the conflicting performance requirements can be better traded off. One of the most important indexes to characterize the vertical ride comfort is the acceleration of the sprung mass.
Technical Paper

Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations with Application to Vehicle Handling

2010-04-12
2010-01-0912
To solve the dynamic response problem that contains uncertain parameters needs, the stochastic differential equations needs to be calculated. Interval analysis has been widely used to solve engineering problems which contain many uncertain parameters usually. But the numerical solution method for stochastic differential equations based on the interval analysis method was seldom investigated. In this study a new numerical interval method for the stochastic differential equations based on the Euler's method is presented, which can be used to solve the linear system effectively and efficiently. The probabilistic and interval dynamics analysis of a two-degree-of-freedom bike car model with uncertain parameters are presented.
Technical Paper

Synthesis and Analysis of the Double-Axle Steering Mechanism Considering Dynamic Loads

2008-04-14
2008-01-1105
This paper investigates a hierarchical optimization procedure for the optimum synthesis of a double-axle steering mechanism by considering the dynamic load of a vehicle which is seldom discussed in the previous literature. Firstly, a multi-body model of double-axle steering is presented by characterizing the detailed leaf spring effect. Accordingly, the influences of dynamic load including the motion interference of steering linkage resulted from the elastic deformation of leaf spring, and the effects of wheel slip angle and the position discrepancy of wheel speed rotation centers are explored systematically. And then, a hierarchical optimization method based on target cascading methodology is proposed to classify the design variables of double-axle steering mechanism into four levels. At last, a double-axle steering mechanism of a heavy-duty truck is utilized to demonstrate the validity of this method.
Technical Paper

A Fuzzy Synthesis Control Strategy for Active Four-Wheel Steering Based on Multi-Body Models

2008-04-14
2008-01-0603
Active steering systems can help the driver to master critical driving situations. This paper presents a fuzzy logic control strategy on active steering vehicle based on a multi-body vehicle dynamic model. The multi-body vehicle dynamic model using ADAMS can accurately predict the dynamic performance of the vehicle. A new hybrid steering scheme including both active front steering (applying an additional front steering angle besides the driver input) and rear steering is presented to control both yaw velocity and sideslip angle. A set of fuzzy logic rules is designed for the active steering controller, and the fuzzy controller can adjust both sideslip angle and yaw velocity through the co-simulation between ADAMS and the Matlab fuzzy control unit with the optimized membership function. To ensure the design of high-quality fuzzy control rules, a rule optimization strategy is introduced.
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