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Cybersecurity for Commercial Vehicles

This book provides a thorough view of cybersecurity to encourage those in the commercial vehicle industry to be fully aware and concerned that their fleet and cargo could be at risk to a cyber-attack. It delivers details on key subject areas including: • SAE International Standard J3061; the cybersecurity guidebook for cyber-physical vehicle systems • The differences between automotive and commercial vehicle cybersecurity. • Forensics for identifying breaches in cybersecurity. • Platooning and fleet implications. • Impacts and importance of secure systems for today and for the future. Cybersecurity for all segments of the commercial vehicle industry requires comprehensive solutions to secure networked vehicles and the transportation infrastructure. It clearly demonstrates the likelihood that an attack can happen, the impacts that would occur, and the need to continue to address those possibilities.

Standard Handbook for Aerospace Engineers, 2nd Edition

This fully revised resource presents theories and practices from more than 50 specialists in the many sub-disciplines of aeronautical and astronautical engineering—all under one cover. The Standard Handbook for Aerospace Engineers, Second Edition, contains complete details on classic designs as well as the latest techniques, materials, and processes used in aviation, defense, and space systems. You will get insightful, practical coverage of the gamut of aerospace engineering technologies along with hundreds of informative diagrams, charts, and graphs. Standard Handbook for Aerospace Engineers, Second Edition covers: • Future of aerospace • Aircraft systems • Aerodynamics, aeroelasticity, and acoustics • Aircraft performance, stability and control • Avionics and air traffic management systems • Aeronautical design • Spacecraft design • Astrodynamics • Rockets and launch vehicles • Earth’s environment and space • Spacecraft subsystems • Spacecraft design

9th AVL International Commercial Powertrain Conference (2017)

Organized in cooperation with SAE International, AVL’s International Commercial Powertrain Conference- ICPC, happens every two years. It is the premier forum for truck, agricultural and construction equipment manufacturers to discuss powertrain technology challenges and solutions across their industries. This event offers a unique opportunity for engineers to address the synergy effects and distinctive characteristics of commercial vehicles, agricultural tractors and non-road vehicles, and industrial machinery. In 2017, the 9th ICPC focused on alternative powertrain technologies and innovations improving operating efficiency. These proceedings focus on: • Future challenges for engines and emissions • Smart Technologies Changing Farming • Cyber Physical Systems in Agriculture Business • OEM View of the Future of the Construction Machinery Industry • Powertrain Developments • CO2 Reduction • CVT Transmission Platform Technology • Autonomous and Connected Trucks

Commercial Aviation Cyber Security: Current State and Essential Reading

In the next decade, commercial aviation will see Next Generation ATM (NextGEN), Single European Skies ATM Research (SESAR), and others utilizing Internet- based air-to-ground communication links for advanced “air traffic control” (ATC) communications. Commercial Aviation Cyber Security: Current State and Essential Reading highlights some of the major issues the industry must confront if the vision of a new, advanced air traffic management is to come to fruition. This will require standardization work to identify key components with built-in cyber security that will guide prototype testing, functionality, and prioritizing implementation efforts to solve the roadblocks to global interoperability. The ten technical papers selected for Commercial Aviation Cyber Security: Current State and Essential Reading span the last decade’s work in commercial aviation cyber security, and aircraft cyber technologies.

Insight: Using Turbocharging in New Engine Design (DVD)

In "Using Turbocharging in New Engine Design" (9:23), engineers from Schaeffler Group USA and McLaren Performance Tech explain what turbocharging is, and what it can do to improve both the power output of an engine and its fuel efficiency. Another engineer from the General Motors Powertrain group talks about how turbocharging was used in the new engine design for the Cadillac CT6. This episode highlights: • The lessons learned from when turbocharging was first used to help heavy-duty trucks go uphill • The experience acquired from car racing using turbo-charged engines • The advantages of using turbo charging to decrease the size of engines without losing power output

Advances in Aircraft Brakes and Tires

An aircraft’s interface with the ground—through its wheels, tires, and brakes—is critical to ensure safe and reliable operation, demanding constant technology development. Significant advancements have occurred with almost all civil airliners entering service with radial tires, and with the Boeing 787 having entered service in 2011 with electrically actuated carbon-carbon brakes. This book is divided into three sections: tires, control systems, and brakes, presenting a selection of the most relevant papers published by SAE International on these matters in the past fifteen years. They have been chosen to provide significant interest to those engineers working in the landing gear field. With almost all current large civil aircraft (and many smaller aircraft) opting exclusively for carbon-carbon brakes, a number of papers addressing the challenges of this technology are included. Papers touching on tire behavior and papers discussing brake control strategies are provided.

The Multi Material Lightweight Vehicle (MMLV) Project

The desire for greater fuel efficiency and reduced emissions have accelerated a shift from traditional materials to design solutions that more closely match materials and their properties with key applications. The Multi-Material Lightweight Vehicle (MMLV) Project presents cutting edge engineering that meets future challenges in a concept vehicle with weight and life-cycle assessment savings. These results significantly contribute to achieving fuel reduction and to meeting future Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÉ) regulations without compromising vehicle performance or occupant safety.

Electric Vehicle Forecasts, Trends and Opportunities 2015-2025

This master report summarizing and forecasting every sector of the EV industry remains unique. It adds new sectors as they become substantial, the latest being car-like micro-EVs homologated as quadricycles in Europe. Many profitable niches are emerging just as the largest major sectors are changing in importance; the industrial and commercial sector is now bigger and much more profitable than e-cars, and is set to remain so for at least eight more years. All components are changing with supercapacitors sometimes replacing or partly replacing batteries and also new types of battery, energy harvesting, power electronics and structure powering growth. Disruptive change is now the norm and the fruits of all this are truly spectacular; including such things as the Marian fast- surface boat that acts as a submarine when necessary, the fixed-wing plane that will stay aloft for five years on sunshine and the flying jet ski.

Glass Engineering: Design Solutions for Automotive Applications

The art and science of glass engineering, specifically applied to automotive projects, are not at all commonplace. Although windshields, side and backlites seem to be obvious parts of any car, truck, or bus, designing, sourcing, and manufacturing them are unique challenges. From the business perspective, cost control makes the choice of the ideal supplier a vital decision, greatly impacting availability and production. From the technical standpoint, the most creative designs can be rendered impractical due to regulations, lack of economies of scale, or convoluted logistics. Glass Engineering: Design Solutions for Automotive Applications tackles all these variables using a no-nonsense, step-by-step approach. Written by Lyn R. Zbinden, a mechanical engineer and glass specialist, this book narrows the gap between the reader and a technical subject by using language that is easy to understand, a good variety of examples, and a series of invaluable reference design tables.

Theory and Applications of Aerodynamics for Ground Vehicles

This book provides an introduction to ground vehicle aerodynamics and methodically guides the reader through the various aspects of the subject. Those needing specific information or a refresher can easily jump to the material of interest. There is a particular emphasis on various vehicle types (passenger cars, trucks, trains, motorcycles, race cars, etc.). However, the book is focused on cars and trucks, which are the most common vehicles in the speed range in which the study of ground vehicle aerodynamics is beneficial. Readers will gain a fundamental understanding of the topic, which will help them design vehicles that have improved aerodynamics; this will lead to better fuel efficiency, improved performance, and increased passenger comfort.

Heavy-Duty Wheeled Vehicles: Design, Theory, Calculations

Heavy-duty wheeled vehicles (HDWVs) are all-wheel-drive vehicles that carry 25 tons or more and have three or more axles. They transport heavy, bulky cargo such as raw minerals, timber, construction materials, pre-fabricated modules, weapons, combat vehicles, and more. HDWVs are used in a variety of industries (mining, logging, construction, energy) and are critical to a country’s economy and defense. These vehicles have unique development requirements due to their high loads, huge dimensions, and specific operating conditions. Hauling efficiencies can be improved by increasing vehicle load capacity; however capacities are influenced by legislation, road limits, and design. Designing HDWVs differs from other multi-purpose all-wheel-drive vehicles. The chassis must be custom-designed to suit the customer’s particular purpose. The number of axles is another variable, as well as which ones are driving and which are driven. Tires are also customizable.

Auto Brand

The car - once everybody's dream and a key status symbol in most countries and cultures - has been extensively questioned in the last decades and in the last few years particularly. Urbanization, traffic congestion, pollution problems, heavy reliance on scarce oil supplies, safety issues and ever-growing competition, have all provided significant business challenges for the automotive industry. Many car manufacturers have had to fundamentally rethink their design, brand and marketing strategies to thrive in a savvy, consumer-led culture, and markets that are becoming increasingly restrictive in size and opportunity.

Modern Automotive Technology, 8th Edition

Modern Automotive Technology details the construction, operation, diagnosis, service, and repair of late-model automobiles and light trucks. This comprehensive book uses a building-block approach that starts with the fundamental principles of system operation and progresses gradually to complex diagnostic and service procedures. Short sentences, concise definitions, and thousands of color illustrations help readers learn quickly and easily. The new edition of Modern Automotive Technology provides coverage of the latest developments in the automotive field and is correlated to the 2012 NATEF Task List. A new Fundamentals of Electricity and Electronics section provides the background needed to troubleshoot and repair the complex electrical/electronic systems found on today’s vehicles. Updated information on hybrid drive systems has been integrated throughout the book, and a new hybrid drive system service chapter details the diagnosis and repair of these important systems.

Honda R&D Technical Review: October 2013

Honda's October 2013 R&D Technical Review features cutting-edge developments from Honda's worldwide R&D teams. This edition brings 23 original papers on the introduction of new technologies, spanning automobile, motorcycle, power products, and aircraft engines, to mention the most meaningful. This title covers the main following topics: • Development of Sport Hybrid i-MMMD control system for the 2014 Accord • Development of robotic lawnmower Miimo • Research on combustion improvement techniques by intake valve offset and squish effect • Identification of mechanism of transmission of flow-induced noise through glass for vehicle interior noise reduction • Design appearance evaluation tool for non-prototype development • Flat belt test system for suspension and tire measurement

Integrated Vehicle Health Management: Essential Reading

Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM) is a relatively new subject, with its roots back in the space sector of the early 1990s. Although many of the papers written around that time did not refer to it as IVHM, the fundamental principles of considering an integrated end-to-end system to monitor the overall health of the asset were clearly visible. As the subject of Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM) and its associated technologies have grown up, businesses are making the transformation from selling a product to selling a service. This can be viewed as a positive disruption, as a relatively small technology breakthrough is being brought to market for a large business benefit. The sequence “sense—acquire—transfer—analyze—act “ feeds the information (processed data) on the asset’s health into the Operations or Management control center.

Dynamic Analysis and Control System Design of Automatic Transmissions

While the basic working principle and the mechanical construction of automatic transmissions has not changed significantly, increased requirements for performance, fuel economy, and drivability, as well as the increasing number of gears has made it more challenging to design the systems that control modern automatic transmissions. New types of transmissions—continuously variable transmissions (CVT), dual clutch transmissions (DCT), and hybrid powertrains—have presented added challenges. Gear shifting in today’s automatic transmissions is a dynamic process that involves synchronized torque transfer from one clutch to another, smooth engine speed change, engine torque management, and minimization of output torque disturbance. Dynamic analysis helps to understand gear shifting mechanics and supports creation of the best design for gear shift control systems in passenger cars, trucks, buses, and commercial vehicles.


Writing in 1901, the futurist H. G. Wells predicted not only the decline of railways but the rise of the “motor truck” – a term unfamiliar to most readers at that time. Wells foresaw “large carrier companies” with fleets of horseless vehicles “to carry goods in bulk or parcels.” At the turn of the 20th century, colossal railroad companies ruled long-distance “land locomotion.” And the prospect of commercial life without draft horses seemed about as likely as Martians invading Earth – a story Wells had published four years earlier. But only one year later, ironically in a horse barn near a Chicago tannery, an ex-bicycle maker named Magnus Hendrickson began assembling Wells’ vision. This would become a decades-long undertaking to divine, design, build, continuously improve and ultimately perfect what makes a truck a truck – not simply a bigger car. Along the way, Magnus and his sons founded The Hendrickson Motor Truck Company, which in 2013 celebrated 100 continuous years of operations.

Multi-Axle Vehicle Dynamics

Commercial vehicles must transport an increasing volume of freight on a relatively fixed infrastructure. Some of these vehicles are highly specialized and customized to perform particular tasks. One way to increase freight hauling efficiency is to allow longer vehicles with more axles. These vehicles will have different handling properties and must be driven on existing infrastructure. Longer term, autonomous-like vehicles could be used to increase vehicle utilization. In both cases characterizations of multi-axle vehicle dynamics are required. A two-dimensional yaw plane model is used in practice to analyze handling performance of two-axle passenger cars. Commonly known as the "bicycle" model because it combines all tire forces associated with a given axle to act on the centerline of the vehicle, the yaw plane model allows lateral velocity and yaw rate degrees of freedom.

V2V/V2I Communications for Improved Road Safety and Efficiency

Millions of automobile accidents occur worldwide each year. Some of the most serious are rear-end crashes, side crashes within intersections, and crashes that occur when cars change lanes or drift into a lane. The holy grail of traffic safety is to avoid automobile accidents altogether. To that end, major automakers, governments, and universities are working on systems that allow vehicles to communicate with one another as well as the surrounding infrastructure (V2V/V2I for short). These systems show promise for such functions as intersection assist, left-turn assist, do-not-pass warning, advance warning of a vehicle braking ahead, forward-collision warning, and blind-spot/lane-change warning. This compendium explores the challenges in developing these systems and provides the latest developments in V2V/V2I technology. It begins with a series of overview news stories and articles from SAE’s magazines on the progress in this technology.

JATCO Technical Review No. 11

Published approximately once a year, in both Japanese and English, JATCO Technical Review is a collection of the best papers written by the company's researchers, on a given technical subject. Owning 48% of the global market of the continuous variable transmission, JATCO is well positioned to share the cutting-edge technology that has supported its impressive growth. The development of innovative transmission systems, more reliable and efficient, owes its success to consistent investments in R&D but also to the commitment to monozukuri activities. A concept created in Japan and popularized in the late 90's, monozukuri reaffirms the ability to make things (manufacturing), integrating development, production and procurement, including craftsmanship and continuous improvement. Volume 11 of JATCO Technical Review, which brings 21 research papers, dedicates a special feature to the next-generation Jatco CVT7.