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Book

Reducing Particulate Emissions in Gasoline Engines

2018-11-28
For years, diesel engines have been the focus of particulate matter emission reductions. Now, however, modern diesel engines emit less particles than a comparable gasoline engine. This transformation necessitates an introduction of particulate reduction strategies for the gasoline-powered vehicle. Many strategies can be leveraged from diesel engines, but new combustion and engine control technologies will be needed to meet the latest gasoline regulations across the globe. Particulate reduction is a critical health concern in addition to the regulatory requirements. This is a vital issue with real-world implications. Reducing Particulate Emissions in Gasoline Engines encompasses the current strategies and technologies used to reduce particulates to meet regulatory requirements and curtail health hazards - reviewing principles and applications of these techniques.
Book

Clean Snowmobile Challenge - 2: The Revival of the 2-stroke Engine and Studying Flex Fuel Engines

2017-02-01
This collection is a resource for studying the history of the evolving technologies that have contributed to snowmobiles becoming cleaner and quieter machines. Papers address design for a snowmobile using the EPA test procedure and standard for off-road vehicles. Innovative technology solutions include: • Engine Design: improving the two-stroke, gas direct injection (GDI) engine • Applications of new muffler designs and a catalytic converter • Solving flex-fuel design and engine power problems The SAE International Clean Snowmobile Challenge (CSC) program is an engineering design competition. The program provides undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to enhance their engineering design and project management skills by reengineering a snowmobile to reduce emissions and noise. The competition includes internal combustion engine categories that address both gasoline and diesel, as well as the zero emissions category in which range and draw bar performance are measured.
Book

Thermal Management in Automotive Applications

2015-03-30
With new and more stringent standards addressing emission reduction and fuel economy, the importance of a well-developed engine thermal management system becomes even greater. With about 30% of the fuel intake energy dissipated through the cooling system and another 30% through the exhaust system, it is to be expected that serious research has been dedicated to this field. Thermal Management in Automotive Applications, edited by Dr. T. Yomi Obidi, brings together a focused collection of SAE technical papers on the subject. It offers insights into how thermal management impacts the efficiency of engines in heavy vehicles, the effects of better coolant flow control, and the use of smart thermostat and next-generation cooling pumps. It also provides an in-depth analysis of the possible gains in optimum warm-up sequence and thermal management on a small gasoline engine.
Book

Automotive Fuels Reference Book, Third Edition

2014-03-05
The first two editions of this title, published by SAE International in 1990 and 1995, have been best-selling definitive references for those needing technical information about automotive fuels. This long-awaited new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, yet retains the original fundamental fuels information that readers find so useful. This book is written for those with an interest in or a need to understand automotive fuels. Because automotive fuels can no longer be developed in isolation from the engines that will convert the fuel into the power necessary to drive our automobiles, knowledge of automotive fuels will also be essential to those working with automotive engines. Small quantities of fuel additives increasingly play an important role in bridging the gap that often exists between fuel that can easily be produced and fuel that is needed by the ever-more sophisticated automotive engine.
Book

Fuel/Engine Interactions

2013-10-08
Conventional fossil fuels will constitute the majority of automotive fuels for the foreseeable future but will have to adapt to changes in engine technology. Unconventional transport fuels such as biofuels, gas-to-liquid fuels, compressed natural gas, and liquid petroleum gas will also play a role. Hydrogen might be a viable transport fuel if it overcomes barriers in production, transport, storage, and safety and/or if fuel cells become viable. This book opens by considering these issues and then introduces practical transport fuels. A chapter on engine deposits follows, which is an important practical topic about how fuels affect engines that is not usually considered in other books. The next three chapters discuss auto-ignition phenomena in engines. The auto-ignition resistance of fuels is the most important fuel property since it limits the efficiency of spark ignition engines and determines the performance of compression ignition engines.
Book

Honda R&D Technical Review: April 2013

2013-04-01
Honda's April 2013 R&D Technical Review features cutting-edge developments from Honda's worldwide R&D teams. This edition brings 15 original papers on the introduction of new technologies, and includes 11 additional of the company's best technical papers published since October 2012. They cover advancements in the following areas: • Low-engine-speed self- ignition, • Improvements of durability for lean, • NOx reduction behavior on Iron Ion-exchanged Zeolite Catalyst for ULEV 50 • Projected texture stereo vision in sunlight • Development of Battery System for EV • Development of Battery Traceability System for EV • Introduction of Solar Hydrogen Station Installed in Japan • Development of Electric Servo Brake System
Book

Onboard Diagnostics and Measurement in the Automotive Industry, Shipbuilding, and Aircraft Construction

2012-07-03
Onboard Diagnostics and Measurement in the Automotive, Shipbuilding and Aircraft Industries is a unique title which focuses on the direct (OBM) and indirect (OBD) determination of emissions in transportation. It offers the reader a state-of-the- art report on the recent developments concerning the determination of emissions and the estimation of pollutants concentrated in the exhaust pipe, using technologies such as intelligent micro controllers, micro sensors and micro actuators systems on board. Written by Dr. Palocz-Andresen, guest professor of Sustainable Transportation at Leuphana University in Lüneburg, this book is especially useful in understanding how the European Union and the United States address the problem of transport-generated emissions. This book goes beyond the more common emissions issues encountered in the automotive arena (including light duty and heavy commercial vehicles), to expand upon the upcoming and similar concerns derived from air and sea transport.
Book

Precious Materials Handbook

2012-01-01
The Precious Materials Handbook focuses on how metal-based materials and compounds are used in practical applications such as catalysts, rechargeable batteries, and solar cells fuel cells, among others. As scarcity becomes a bigger issue to be tackled, the attention towards precious and special metals has increased. Because of their importance in cutting-edge technology development, understanding how to source them sustainably becomes a vital part of doing business. In this comprehensive title, novel solutions are described addressing the problem of limited supply, emerging technologies, and the scientific tools that accelerate the process of research and development.
Book

Green Technologies and the Mobility Industry

2010-11-16
This book features 20 SAE technical papers, originally published in 2009 and 2010, which showcase how the mobility industry is developing greener products and staying responsive - if not ahead of - new standards and legal requirements. These papers were selected by SAE International's 2010 President Dr. Andrew Brown Jr., Executive Director and Chief Technologist for Delphi Corporation. Authored by international experts from both industry and academia, they cover a wide range of cutting-edge subjects including powertrain electrification, alternative fuels, new emissions standards and remediation strategies, nanotechnology, sustainability, in-vehicle networking, and how various countries are also stepping up to the "green challenge".
Book

Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment 2000-2007

2008-04-01
Diesel engines continue to be widely used in heavy-duty commercial applications around the world, and they are also gaining popularity in light-duty applications such as passenger cars. With this comes increased concern for and regulation of diesel emissions - most notably particulate matter (PM) and nitric oxide (NOx) emissions. As the restrictions grow tighter, exhaust aftertreatment technologies must become more efficient and reliable. The 55 SAE technical papers in this compilation will guide engineers in their efforts to meet these new regulations, by summarizing the latest diesel exhaust aftertreatment technology for both light- and heavy-duty applications.
Book

Diesel Emissions and Their Control

2006-12-01
This book will assist readers in meeting today's tough challenges of improving diesel engine emissions, diesel efficiency, and public perception of the diesel engine. It can be used as an introductory text, while at the same time providing practical information that will be useful for experienced readers. This comprehensive book is well illustrated with more than 560 figures and 80 tables. Each main section is broken down into chapters that offer more specific and extensive information on current issues, as well as answers to technical questions.
Book

Variable Valvetrain System Technology

2006-03-14
This combination of 27 papers covers a decade of technical information reviewing the wide-range of approaches to Variable Valve Actuation (VVA). Each approach has unique benefits and a range of applications. These papers present a balanced view of the progress and challenges associated with VVA technology. Fuel economy and reduced emissions continue to be large factors in engine technology. Therefore the continued development of VVA will become necessary on virtually all gasoline engines, and must be adopted on diesel engines. The benefits achieved with the applications of this technology include: fuel economy, reduced emissions, improved power, performance, reliability and durability.
Book

Advanced Three-way Catalysts

2006-02-01
The 51 SAE technical papers included in this volume touch on all aspects of the significant systems engineering effort that has occurred within the broad automobile catalytic emission control technology base during the past fifteen years. Dr. Joseph Kubsh, Deputy Director of the Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association, hand-selected the publications for this volume from hundreds of technical papers published by SAE that address catalytic emission control technologies for light-duty gasoline vehicles. These papers include efforts to improve the performance, durability, and cost effectiveness of the catalytic converter systems used on gasoline stoichiometric engines and the integration of these three-way catalysts into sophisticated powertrains capable of operating at near-zero tailpipe emission levels.
Book

Emission Control and Fuel Economy for Port and Direct Injected SI Engines

2005-06-27
Emission and fuel economy regulations and standards are compelling manufacturers to build ultra-low emission vehicles. As a result, engineers must develop spark-ignition engines with integrated emission control systems that use reformulated low-sulfur fuel. Emission Control and Fuel Economy for Port and Direct Injected SI Engines is a collection of SAE technical papers that covers the fundamentals of gasoline direct injection (DI) engine emissions and fuel economy, design variable effects on HC emissions, and advanced emission control technology and modeling approaches. All papers contained in this book were selected by an accomplished expert as the best in the field; reprinted in their entirety, they present a pathway to integrated emission control systems that meet 2004-2009 EPA standards for light-duty vehicles.
Book

Fuel Cell Systems Explained, Second Edition

2003-05-01
Fuel cell technology is developing at a rapid pace, thanks to the increasing awareness of the need for pollution-free power sources. Moreover, new developments in catalysts and improved reliability have made fuel cells viable candidates in a road range of applications, from small power stations, to cars, to laptop computers and mobile phones. Building on the success of the first edition, Fuel Cell Systems Explained presents a balanced introduction to this growing area. "In summary, an altogether satisfying book that puts within its covers the academic tools necessary for explaining fuel cell systems on a multidisciplinary basis." - Power Engineering Journal "An excellent book...well written and produced."- Journal of Power and Energy
Book

Direct Injection Systems

2002-11-05
Direct Injection Systems: The Next Decade in Engine Technology explores potentials that have been recognized and successfully applied, including fuel direct injection, fully variable valve control, downsizing, operation within hybrid scenarios, and use of alternative fuels.
Book

Cleaner Cars

2000-01-28
This book chronicles a 35-year success story - the technology that was developed and the progress that was made to achieve the goal of reducing air pollution from automobiles. "Air pollution from automobiles as of the year 2000 will have been lowered to levels less than 5% of those for pre-control era vehicles," writes author J. Robert Mondt, who spent over 30 years working on the development of emission control systems for automobiles. Mondt covers both the technological and political aspects of this effort, from the early environmental concerns in California to the Clean Air Acts of the 1960s to the introduction of catalytic converters in 1975. He also covers the revised Clean Air Acts of the 1960s to the introduction of catalytic converters in 1975.
Book

Emissions and Air Quality

1999-06-09
This book evaluates the current worldwide state of knowledge about the interrelationship between emissions and air quality. This study describes the contribution of passenger car and commercial vehicle traffic to local and global emission situations, and the consequences for the environment.
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