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Reducing Particulate Emissions in Gasoline Engines

2018-11-28
For years, diesel engines have been the focus of particulate matter emission reductions. Now, however, modern diesel engines emit less particles than a comparable gasoline engine. This transformation necessitates an introduction of particulate reduction strategies for the gasoline-powered vehicle. Many strategies can be leveraged from diesel engines, but new combustion and engine control technologies will be needed to meet the latest gasoline regulations across the globe. Particulate reduction is a critical health concern in addition to the regulatory requirements. This is a vital issue with real-world implications. Reducing Particulate Emissions in Gasoline Engines encompasses the current strategies and technologies used to reduce particulates to meet regulatory requirements and curtail health hazards - reviewing principles and applications of these techniques.
Book

Clean Snowmobile Challenge - 2: The Revival of the 2-stroke Engine and Studying Flex Fuel Engines

2017-02-01
This collection is a resource for studying the history of the evolving technologies that have contributed to snowmobiles becoming cleaner and quieter machines. Papers address design for a snowmobile using the EPA test procedure and standard for off-road vehicles. Innovative technology solutions include: • Engine Design: improving the two-stroke, gas direct injection (GDI) engine • Applications of new muffler designs and a catalytic converter • Solving flex-fuel design and engine power problems The SAE International Clean Snowmobile Challenge (CSC) program is an engineering design competition. The program provides undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to enhance their engineering design and project management skills by reengineering a snowmobile to reduce emissions and noise. The competition includes internal combustion engine categories that address both gasoline and diesel, as well as the zero emissions category in which range and draw bar performance are measured.
Book

Clean Snowmobile Challenge - 1: The Early Years, 4-Stroke Engines Make Their Debut

2016-12-22
This collection is a resource for studying the history of the evolving technologies that have contributed to snowmobiles becoming cleaner and quieter machines. Papers address design for a snowmobile using E10 gasoline (10% ethanol mixed with pump gasoline). Performance technologies that are presented include: • Engine Design: application of the four-stroke engine • Applications to address both engine and track noise • Exhaust After-treatment to reduce emissions The SAE International Clean Snowmobile Challenge (CSC) program is an engineering design competition. The program provides undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to enhance their engineering design and project management skills by reengineering a snowmobile to reduce emissions and noise. The competition includes internal combustion engine categories that address both gasoline and diesel, as well as the zero emissions category in which range and draw bar performance are measured.
Book

Honda R&D Technical Review April 2016

2016-04-01
Honda's April 2016 R&D Technical Review features cutting-edge developments and new ways of solving engineering problems from Honda's worldwide R&D teams. This edition brings 23 technical papers and provides featured topics that include: • Development of New Fuel Cell Vehicle CLARITY FUEL CELL • Development of RC213V-S • Introduction of Heat Exchanger Production Technique for Stirling Engine Using Additive Manufacturing
Book

Impacting Commercialization of Rapid Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEV)

2016-02-19
Alternative propulsion technologies are becoming increasingly important with the rise of stricter regulations for vehicle efficiency, emission regulations, and concerns over the sustainability of crude oil supplies. The fuel cell is a critical component of alternative propulsion systems, and as such has many aspects to consider in its design. Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) powered by proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEFC) and fueled by hydrogen, offer the promise of zero emissions with excellent driving range of 300-400 miles, and fast refueling times; two major advantages over battery electric vehicles (BEVs). FCEVs face several remaining major challenges in order to achieve widespread and rapid commercialization. Many of the challenges, especially those from an FCEV system and subsystem cost and performance perspective are addressed in this book.
Book

Thermal Management in Automotive Applications

2015-03-30
With new and more stringent standards addressing emission reduction and fuel economy, the importance of a well-developed engine thermal management system becomes even greater. With about 30% of the fuel intake energy dissipated through the cooling system and another 30% through the exhaust system, it is to be expected that serious research has been dedicated to this field. Thermal Management in Automotive Applications, edited by Dr. T. Yomi Obidi, brings together a focused collection of SAE technical papers on the subject. It offers insights into how thermal management impacts the efficiency of engines in heavy vehicles, the effects of better coolant flow control, and the use of smart thermostat and next-generation cooling pumps. It also provides an in-depth analysis of the possible gains in optimum warm-up sequence and thermal management on a small gasoline engine.
Book

2015 Passenger Car and 2014 Concept Car Yearbook

2014-11-21
Every year global automakers introduce new or significantly re-engineered passenger vehicles with increasingly advanced technology intended to exceed consumer expectations and satisfy increasingly stringent government regulations. Some of these technologies are firsts-of-their-kind and start trends that other automakers soon follow—with the innovations becoming adopted across the board. The supply community is also increasingly playing a more significant role in helping the original equipment manufacturers research, develop, and introduce the latest engineering innovations that help bring competitive advantage for their automaker partners. Each year, the editors of SAE’s Automotive Engineering magazine publish many articles focused on the technology and engineering innovations of new passenger and concept vehicles, and these articles have been collected into this volume.
Book

Automotive Fuels Reference Book, Third Edition

2014-03-05
The first two editions of this title, published by SAE International in 1990 and 1995, have been best-selling definitive references for those needing technical information about automotive fuels. This long-awaited new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, yet retains the original fundamental fuels information that readers find so useful. This book is written for those with an interest in or a need to understand automotive fuels. Because automotive fuels can no longer be developed in isolation from the engines that will convert the fuel into the power necessary to drive our automobiles, knowledge of automotive fuels will also be essential to those working with automotive engines. Small quantities of fuel additives increasingly play an important role in bridging the gap that often exists between fuel that can easily be produced and fuel that is needed by the ever-more sophisticated automotive engine.
Book

Engine Emissions Measurement Handbook

2013-11-12
The subject of engine emissions is expected to be at the forefront of environmental regulations and consumers’ concerns for years to come. As technology develops to comply with new and different requirements in various regions of the world, understanding the fundamental principles of how engine emissions occur, and how they can be properly measured, is vitally important. Engine Emissions Measurement Handbook, developed and co-authored by HORIBA Automotive Test Systems team addresses the main aspects of this subject. Written with the technical user in mind, this title is a must-have for those involved in engine development and testing, and environmental researchers focusing on better ways to minimize emissions pollution.
Book

Fuel/Engine Interactions

2013-10-08
Conventional fossil fuels will constitute the majority of automotive fuels for the foreseeable future but will have to adapt to changes in engine technology. Unconventional transport fuels such as biofuels, gas-to-liquid fuels, compressed natural gas, and liquid petroleum gas will also play a role. Hydrogen might be a viable transport fuel if it overcomes barriers in production, transport, storage, and safety and/or if fuel cells become viable. This book opens by considering these issues and then introduces practical transport fuels. A chapter on engine deposits follows, which is an important practical topic about how fuels affect engines that is not usually considered in other books. The next three chapters discuss auto-ignition phenomena in engines. The auto-ignition resistance of fuels is the most important fuel property since it limits the efficiency of spark ignition engines and determines the performance of compression ignition engines.
Book

Future Automotive Fuels and Energy

2013-08-05
This book sheds light on three essential questions: 1. What is the likely supply of gasoline and diesel from oil worldwide to power light vehicles and trucks through 2030-2035? 2. Could any other fuel economically replace gasoline? Will different parts of the world answer that question differently? 3. How will the answers to these questions affect what we engineer, make, and drive in 2030–2035? As difficult as it is to predict timing of these events, the book presents reasonable assumptions and alternative scenarios. Since a switch to alternative technologies will require substantial investment, it is critical to have a sense of when. Despite the global reach of the automotive industry, it is unlikely that a solution for one region will fit all. A more reasonable goal is a set of projected ‘ecosystems’ using differing amounts of oil, electricity, or alternative fuels. From this, automotive managers and leaders can get a sense of how to make business decisions for the future.
Book

Honda R&D Technical Review: April 2013

2013-04-01
Honda's April 2013 R&D Technical Review features cutting-edge developments from Honda's worldwide R&D teams. This edition brings 15 original papers on the introduction of new technologies, and includes 11 additional of the company's best technical papers published since October 2012. They cover advancements in the following areas: • Low-engine-speed self- ignition, • Improvements of durability for lean, • NOx reduction behavior on Iron Ion-exchanged Zeolite Catalyst for ULEV 50 • Projected texture stereo vision in sunlight • Development of Battery System for EV • Development of Battery Traceability System for EV • Introduction of Solar Hydrogen Station Installed in Japan • Development of Electric Servo Brake System
Book

Global Engine Trends & Forecasts to 2020

2012-11-01
In this second edition the key market drivers for petrol, diesel and hybrid engine trends are reviewed, to extend and update the analysis originally published in 2008, and re-evaluate the trends in the intervening four years. It provides an authoritative overview of both the technology issues (both present and future), and regulatory (emissions) concerns involved with this sector. Drivers and forecasts for global engine trends through to 2020 are identified, and data is provided by region for petrol, diesel and Hybrid/EV engine production. The research also highlights consumer trends in engine buying, explaining how the three main developed-market areas have evolved remarkably different consumer preferences.
Book

Onboard Diagnostics and Measurement in the Automotive Industry, Shipbuilding, and Aircraft Construction

2012-07-03
Onboard Diagnostics and Measurement in the Automotive, Shipbuilding and Aircraft Industries is a unique title which focuses on the direct (OBM) and indirect (OBD) determination of emissions in transportation. It offers the reader a state-of-the- art report on the recent developments concerning the determination of emissions and the estimation of pollutants concentrated in the exhaust pipe, using technologies such as intelligent micro controllers, micro sensors and micro actuators systems on board. Written by Dr. Palocz-Andresen, guest professor of Sustainable Transportation at Leuphana University in Lüneburg, this book is especially useful in understanding how the European Union and the United States address the problem of transport-generated emissions. This book goes beyond the more common emissions issues encountered in the automotive arena (including light duty and heavy commercial vehicles), to expand upon the upcoming and similar concerns derived from air and sea transport.
Book

Honda R&D Technical Review: April 2012

2012-04-01
This e-book gives unique insight into the cutting-edge technical developments from Honda's worldwide R&D team. The 23 papers included in this volume chronicle the best of Honda's documented technical advancements from October 2011 through March 2012 in automotive, motorcycle, power products, and other technologies. Full-color diagrams complement the text. Title highlights include: • Development of New CVT for the K Car • Development of New ASIMO - Realization of Autonomous Machine • Battery Control Technology for Li-ion Battery System for HEV • Study of Evaluation Method for Knee-grip Feeling of Motorcycles • Construction of Knock Detection Logic by Pattern Recognition Using Short-time Fourier Transform
Book

Precious Materials Handbook

2012-01-01
The Precious Materials Handbook focuses on how metal-based materials and compounds are used in practical applications such as catalysts, rechargeable batteries, and solar cells fuel cells, among others. As scarcity becomes a bigger issue to be tackled, the attention towards precious and special metals has increased. Because of their importance in cutting-edge technology development, understanding how to source them sustainably becomes a vital part of doing business. In this comprehensive title, novel solutions are described addressing the problem of limited supply, emerging technologies, and the scientific tools that accelerate the process of research and development.
Book

Automotive 2030--North America

2011-08-25
The current rapid rate of innovation in the automotive industry is primarily fueled by the need to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions, increase use of electronics for infotainment and safety, and global development. This full-color book delves into these megatrends to arm decision-makers with information that will help them remain competitive in the North American automotive market for the next 20 years. The first third of the book covers improvements to existing technologies-engines, transmissions, bodies and materials-for better fuel economy. The second portion of the book delves into alternate fuel sources for vehicles and associated technologies. The focus of the final third of the book is the emergence of the smart car. Readers will come away with a renewed understanding of the complicated set of trends that will affect the automotive industry for the next 20 years, and how to effectively address them.
Book

Toyota R&D Technical Review 2011

2011-08-01
Giving unique insight into Toyota's 2011 technical developments, this book includes 18 papers that chronicle the Japanese OEM's R&D activities in a variety of technologies during that year. This volume has a special focus on next-generation electric storage, and 10 of the papers highlight developments in such things as batteries, fuel cells and next-generation energy. Title highlights include: Next Generation Electric Storage and Its Applications • Secondary Battery Development for Hybrid Vehicles at Toyota • Development Trends and Popularization Trends for Fuel Cell Vehicles • Renewable Energy and Its Effective Usage Other Technical Areas • Drivetrain Development for the Lexus LFA • Development of Scratch-Resistant Universal Clear Coat • Development of Environmentally Friendly Machining Process for Aluminum Parts
Book

Electric and Hybrid-Electric Vehicles - Fuel Cell Hybrid EVs

2010-11-29
With production and planning for new electric vehicles gaining momentum worldwide, this book – the fifth in a series of five volumes on this subject – provides engineers and researchers with perspectives on the most current and innovative developments regarding electric and hybrid-electric vehicle technology, design considerations, and components. This book features 14 SAE technical papers, published from 2008 through 2010, that look at innovative engineering approaches to meeting the major technological challenges associated with fuel cells. Topics covered include: Advances in powertrain systems for fuel cell vehicles Diagnostic design processes for developmental vehicles Application of two fuel cells in hybrid electric vehicles Research and design of a centrifugal compressor for fuel cell turbocharger The future of fuel cell hybrid EVs
Book

Electric and Hybrid-Electric Vehicles

2010-11-29
With production and planning for new electric vehicles gaining momentum worldwide, this series of five volumes on this subject provides engineers and researchers with perspectives on the most current and innovative developments regarding electric and hybrid-electric vehicle technology, design considerations, and components. The entire set features 62 SAE technical papers, originally published from 2008 through 2010. Individual volumes cover the following topics: Overviews and Viewpoints Batteries Engines and Powertrains Braking Systems and NVH Considerations Fuel Cell Hybrid EVs
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