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Reducing Particulate Emissions in Gasoline Engines

2018-11-28
For years, diesel engines have been the focus of particulate matter emission reductions. Now, however, modern diesel engines emit less particles than a comparable gasoline engine. This transformation necessitates an introduction of particulate reduction strategies for the gasoline-powered vehicle. Many strategies can be leveraged from diesel engines, but new combustion and engine control technologies will be needed to meet the latest gasoline regulations across the globe. Particulate reduction is a critical health concern in addition to the regulatory requirements. This is a vital issue with real-world implications. Reducing Particulate Emissions in Gasoline Engines encompasses the current strategies and technologies used to reduce particulates to meet regulatory requirements and curtail health hazards - reviewing principles and applications of these techniques.
Book

Clean Snowmobile Challenge - 2: The Revival of the 2-stroke Engine and Studying Flex Fuel Engines

2017-02-01
This collection is a resource for studying the history of the evolving technologies that have contributed to snowmobiles becoming cleaner and quieter machines. Papers address design for a snowmobile using the EPA test procedure and standard for off-road vehicles. Innovative technology solutions include: • Engine Design: improving the two-stroke, gas direct injection (GDI) engine • Applications of new muffler designs and a catalytic converter • Solving flex-fuel design and engine power problems The SAE International Clean Snowmobile Challenge (CSC) program is an engineering design competition. The program provides undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to enhance their engineering design and project management skills by reengineering a snowmobile to reduce emissions and noise. The competition includes internal combustion engine categories that address both gasoline and diesel, as well as the zero emissions category in which range and draw bar performance are measured.
Book

Clean Snowmobile Challenge - 1: The Early Years, 4-Stroke Engines Make Their Debut

2016-12-22
This collection is a resource for studying the history of the evolving technologies that have contributed to snowmobiles becoming cleaner and quieter machines. Papers address design for a snowmobile using E10 gasoline (10% ethanol mixed with pump gasoline). Performance technologies that are presented include: • Engine Design: application of the four-stroke engine • Applications to address both engine and track noise • Exhaust After-treatment to reduce emissions The SAE International Clean Snowmobile Challenge (CSC) program is an engineering design competition. The program provides undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to enhance their engineering design and project management skills by reengineering a snowmobile to reduce emissions and noise. The competition includes internal combustion engine categories that address both gasoline and diesel, as well as the zero emissions category in which range and draw bar performance are measured.
Book

Thermal Management in Automotive Applications

2015-03-30
With new and more stringent standards addressing emission reduction and fuel economy, the importance of a well-developed engine thermal management system becomes even greater. With about 30% of the fuel intake energy dissipated through the cooling system and another 30% through the exhaust system, it is to be expected that serious research has been dedicated to this field. Thermal Management in Automotive Applications, edited by Dr. T. Yomi Obidi, brings together a focused collection of SAE technical papers on the subject. It offers insights into how thermal management impacts the efficiency of engines in heavy vehicles, the effects of better coolant flow control, and the use of smart thermostat and next-generation cooling pumps. It also provides an in-depth analysis of the possible gains in optimum warm-up sequence and thermal management on a small gasoline engine.
Book

2015 Passenger Car and 2014 Concept Car Yearbook

2014-11-21
Every year global automakers introduce new or significantly re-engineered passenger vehicles with increasingly advanced technology intended to exceed consumer expectations and satisfy increasingly stringent government regulations. Some of these technologies are firsts-of-their-kind and start trends that other automakers soon follow—with the innovations becoming adopted across the board. The supply community is also increasingly playing a more significant role in helping the original equipment manufacturers research, develop, and introduce the latest engineering innovations that help bring competitive advantage for their automaker partners. Each year, the editors of SAE’s Automotive Engineering magazine publish many articles focused on the technology and engineering innovations of new passenger and concept vehicles, and these articles have been collected into this volume.
Book

Automotive Fuels Reference Book, Third Edition

2014-03-05
The first two editions of this title, published by SAE International in 1990 and 1995, have been best-selling definitive references for those needing technical information about automotive fuels. This long-awaited new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, yet retains the original fundamental fuels information that readers find so useful. This book is written for those with an interest in or a need to understand automotive fuels. Because automotive fuels can no longer be developed in isolation from the engines that will convert the fuel into the power necessary to drive our automobiles, knowledge of automotive fuels will also be essential to those working with automotive engines. Small quantities of fuel additives increasingly play an important role in bridging the gap that often exists between fuel that can easily be produced and fuel that is needed by the ever-more sophisticated automotive engine.
Book

Fuel/Engine Interactions

2013-10-08
Conventional fossil fuels will constitute the majority of automotive fuels for the foreseeable future but will have to adapt to changes in engine technology. Unconventional transport fuels such as biofuels, gas-to-liquid fuels, compressed natural gas, and liquid petroleum gas will also play a role. Hydrogen might be a viable transport fuel if it overcomes barriers in production, transport, storage, and safety and/or if fuel cells become viable. This book opens by considering these issues and then introduces practical transport fuels. A chapter on engine deposits follows, which is an important practical topic about how fuels affect engines that is not usually considered in other books. The next three chapters discuss auto-ignition phenomena in engines. The auto-ignition resistance of fuels is the most important fuel property since it limits the efficiency of spark ignition engines and determines the performance of compression ignition engines.
Book

Future Automotive Fuels and Energy

2013-08-05
This book sheds light on three essential questions: 1. What is the likely supply of gasoline and diesel from oil worldwide to power light vehicles and trucks through 2030-2035? 2. Could any other fuel economically replace gasoline? Will different parts of the world answer that question differently? 3. How will the answers to these questions affect what we engineer, make, and drive in 2030–2035? As difficult as it is to predict timing of these events, the book presents reasonable assumptions and alternative scenarios. Since a switch to alternative technologies will require substantial investment, it is critical to have a sense of when. Despite the global reach of the automotive industry, it is unlikely that a solution for one region will fit all. A more reasonable goal is a set of projected ‘ecosystems’ using differing amounts of oil, electricity, or alternative fuels. From this, automotive managers and leaders can get a sense of how to make business decisions for the future.
Book

Honda R&D Technical Review: April 2013

2013-04-01
Honda's April 2013 R&D Technical Review features cutting-edge developments from Honda's worldwide R&D teams. This edition brings 15 original papers on the introduction of new technologies, and includes 11 additional of the company's best technical papers published since October 2012. They cover advancements in the following areas: • Low-engine-speed self- ignition, • Improvements of durability for lean, • NOx reduction behavior on Iron Ion-exchanged Zeolite Catalyst for ULEV 50 • Projected texture stereo vision in sunlight • Development of Battery System for EV • Development of Battery Traceability System for EV • Introduction of Solar Hydrogen Station Installed in Japan • Development of Electric Servo Brake System
Book

Global Engine Trends & Forecasts to 2020

2012-11-01
In this second edition the key market drivers for petrol, diesel and hybrid engine trends are reviewed, to extend and update the analysis originally published in 2008, and re-evaluate the trends in the intervening four years. It provides an authoritative overview of both the technology issues (both present and future), and regulatory (emissions) concerns involved with this sector. Drivers and forecasts for global engine trends through to 2020 are identified, and data is provided by region for petrol, diesel and Hybrid/EV engine production. The research also highlights consumer trends in engine buying, explaining how the three main developed-market areas have evolved remarkably different consumer preferences.
Book

Onboard Diagnostics and Measurement in the Automotive Industry, Shipbuilding, and Aircraft Construction

2012-07-03
Onboard Diagnostics and Measurement in the Automotive, Shipbuilding and Aircraft Industries is a unique title which focuses on the direct (OBM) and indirect (OBD) determination of emissions in transportation. It offers the reader a state-of-the- art report on the recent developments concerning the determination of emissions and the estimation of pollutants concentrated in the exhaust pipe, using technologies such as intelligent micro controllers, micro sensors and micro actuators systems on board. Written by Dr. Palocz-Andresen, guest professor of Sustainable Transportation at Leuphana University in Lüneburg, this book is especially useful in understanding how the European Union and the United States address the problem of transport-generated emissions. This book goes beyond the more common emissions issues encountered in the automotive arena (including light duty and heavy commercial vehicles), to expand upon the upcoming and similar concerns derived from air and sea transport.
Book

Honda R&D Technical Review: April 2012

2012-04-01
This e-book gives unique insight into the cutting-edge technical developments from Honda's worldwide R&D team. The 23 papers included in this volume chronicle the best of Honda's documented technical advancements from October 2011 through March 2012 in automotive, motorcycle, power products, and other technologies. Full-color diagrams complement the text. Title highlights include: • Development of New CVT for the K Car • Development of New ASIMO - Realization of Autonomous Machine • Battery Control Technology for Li-ion Battery System for HEV • Study of Evaluation Method for Knee-grip Feeling of Motorcycles • Construction of Knock Detection Logic by Pattern Recognition Using Short-time Fourier Transform
Book

Precious Materials Handbook

2012-01-01
The Precious Materials Handbook focuses on how metal-based materials and compounds are used in practical applications such as catalysts, rechargeable batteries, and solar cells fuel cells, among others. As scarcity becomes a bigger issue to be tackled, the attention towards precious and special metals has increased. Because of their importance in cutting-edge technology development, understanding how to source them sustainably becomes a vital part of doing business. In this comprehensive title, novel solutions are described addressing the problem of limited supply, emerging technologies, and the scientific tools that accelerate the process of research and development.
Book

Automotive 2030--North America

2011-08-25
The current rapid rate of innovation in the automotive industry is primarily fueled by the need to improve fuel economy and reduce emissions, increase use of electronics for infotainment and safety, and global development. This full-color book delves into these megatrends to arm decision-makers with information that will help them remain competitive in the North American automotive market for the next 20 years. The first third of the book covers improvements to existing technologies-engines, transmissions, bodies and materials-for better fuel economy. The second portion of the book delves into alternate fuel sources for vehicles and associated technologies. The focus of the final third of the book is the emergence of the smart car. Readers will come away with a renewed understanding of the complicated set of trends that will affect the automotive industry for the next 20 years, and how to effectively address them.
Book

Green Technologies and the Mobility Industry

2010-11-16
This book features 20 SAE technical papers, originally published in 2009 and 2010, which showcase how the mobility industry is developing greener products and staying responsive - if not ahead of - new standards and legal requirements. These papers were selected by SAE International's 2010 President Dr. Andrew Brown Jr., Executive Director and Chief Technologist for Delphi Corporation. Authored by international experts from both industry and academia, they cover a wide range of cutting-edge subjects including powertrain electrification, alternative fuels, new emissions standards and remediation strategies, nanotechnology, sustainability, in-vehicle networking, and how various countries are also stepping up to the "green challenge".
Book

Honda R&D Technical Review: April 2009

2009-04-01
This unique book gives rare insight into the work of Honda's worldwide R&D team, covering technical developments from October 2008 through March 2009. With special focus on fuel cell vehicles, the 33 papers included also cover other automotive topics, as well as motorcycle, power products, and other fundamental technologies. Full-color diagrams complement the text. Title highlights include: New Fuel Cell Stack for FCX Clarity Development of Lithium Ion Battery System for Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology for Increased Fuel Efficiency in New INSIGHT Vaporization Characteristic of High-ethanol Gasoline (E85) and Cold Startability Development of Brake-by-Wire System for Super Sport Motorcycles Rearward Visibility Simulation System of Motorcycle Rearview Mirrors Psychological Effects of Use of Electric Scooter This publication is available in both print and electronic format. The electronic format is also conveniently available for purchase in individual chapters.
Book

Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment 2000-2007

2008-04-01
Diesel engines continue to be widely used in heavy-duty commercial applications around the world, and they are also gaining popularity in light-duty applications such as passenger cars. With this comes increased concern for and regulation of diesel emissions - most notably particulate matter (PM) and nitric oxide (NOx) emissions. As the restrictions grow tighter, exhaust aftertreatment technologies must become more efficient and reliable. The 55 SAE technical papers in this compilation will guide engineers in their efforts to meet these new regulations, by summarizing the latest diesel exhaust aftertreatment technology for both light- and heavy-duty applications.
Book

Diesel Emissions and Their Control

2006-12-01
This book will assist readers in meeting today's tough challenges of improving diesel engine emissions, diesel efficiency, and public perception of the diesel engine. It can be used as an introductory text, while at the same time providing practical information that will be useful for experienced readers. This comprehensive book is well illustrated with more than 560 figures and 80 tables. Each main section is broken down into chapters that offer more specific and extensive information on current issues, as well as answers to technical questions.
Book

Technologies for Near-Zero-Emission Gasoline-Powered Vehicles

2006-10-23
Dr. Fuquan (Frank) Zhao and experts in the field address a broad spectrum of key research and development issues in the rapidly progressing area of near-zero-emission gasoline-powered vehicles. Written in response to the increasingly stringent emissions legislation, this book provides the reader with a concise introduction to technology developments in near-zero-emission gasoline-powered vehicles. The material reflects global technical initiatives within the automotive and research communities. In all, this book contains more than 450 pages, with nearly 200 descriptive diagrams and/or images. It will serve as a valuable desk reference and provide the basics for those who are interested in understanding this advancing technology.
Book

Variable Valvetrain System Technology

2006-03-14
This combination of 27 papers covers a decade of technical information reviewing the wide-range of approaches to Variable Valve Actuation (VVA). Each approach has unique benefits and a range of applications. These papers present a balanced view of the progress and challenges associated with VVA technology. Fuel economy and reduced emissions continue to be large factors in engine technology. Therefore the continued development of VVA will become necessary on virtually all gasoline engines, and must be adopted on diesel engines. The benefits achieved with the applications of this technology include: fuel economy, reduced emissions, improved power, performance, reliability and durability.
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