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Standard

Performance of Low Pressure Ratio Ejectors for Engine Nacelle Cooling

1999-03-01
CURRENT
AIR1191A
A general method for the preliminary design of a single, straight-sided, low subsonic ejector is presented. The method is based on the information presented in References 1, 2, 3, and 4, and utilizes analytical and empirical data for the sizing of the ejector mixing duct diameter and flow length. The low subsonic restriction applies because compressibility effects were not included in the development of the basic design equations. The equations are restricted to applications where Mach numbers within the ejector primary or secondary flow paths are equal to or less than 0.3.
Standard

Oil Systems for Helicopter Powerplants

1998-11-01
CURRENT
AIR4281
Turbine engines installed in helicopters require a highly sophisticated oil system to fulfill two tasks: a Cooling/oil supply b Lubrication While lubrication is an engine internal procedure, cooling and oil supply require more or less design activity on the aircraft side of the engine/airframe interface for proper engine function, depending on the engine type. The necessity for engine cooling and oil supply provisions on the airframe can lead to interface problems because the helicopter manufacturer can influence engine related functions due to the design of corresponding oil system components. This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) deals with integration of engine oil systems with the airframe and gives information for both helicopter and engine manufacturers for a better understanding of interface requirements.
Standard

Twin Engine Helicopter Power Requirements

1997-06-01
CURRENT
AIR1850A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) defines the power spectrum during normal and emergency operations of a twin engine helicopter and thereby postulates suitable power plant rating structures. This document does not address the power requirements for single engine helicopters or those with more than two engines.
Standard

Cockpit Information Required for Helicopter Turbine Engine Operation and Maintenance

1997-06-01
CURRENT
AIR1963A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) identifies Propulsion Engineer’s recommendations for the instrumentation that is required for the safe operation and maintenance of turbine engines as installed in helicopters. It should be used as a guide for cockpit layout, as well as a reference for maintenance considerations throughout the propulsion area. Propulsion instruments should receive attention early in the design phase of the helicopter. Maintenance and diagnostics recorders are not considered within the scope of this document. (See ARP1587, “Aircraft Gas Turbine Engine Monitoring System Guide”.)
Standard

Helicopter Engine/Airframe Interface Document and Checklist

1997-06-01
CURRENT
ARP1507A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides a guide for the preparation of a Helicopter Engine/Airframe Interface Document and Checklist. This document and checklist is intended to provide complete relevant information on the characteristics, performance, and engine interfaces. Of most importance is the identification of the data and the location of data to assure that the engine manufacturer and the airframe manufacturer supply information that can be easily located by either manufacturer.
Standard

HELICOPTER POWERPLANT CORROSION PROTECTION

1993-05-01
CURRENT
AIR4495
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes the different aspects of corrosion on helicopter powerplants, on the components that are affected, and the subsequent consequences on the helicopter, engine durability, performance, and dependability. Guidelines that minimize corrosion during the design stage and during service operation are also discussed.
Standard

EVALUATION OF HELICOPTER TURBINE ENGINE LINEAR VIBRATION ENVIRONMENT

1992-03-01
CURRENT
AIR1289A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) outlines a recommended procedure for evaluation of the vibration environment to which the gas turbine engine powerplant is subjected in the helicopter installation. This analysis of engine vibration is normally demonstrated on a one-time basis upon initial certification, or after a major modification, of an engine/helicopter configuration. This AIR deals with linear vibration as measured on the basic case structure of the engine and not, for example, torsional vibration in drive shafting or vibration of a component within the engine such as a compressor or turbine airfoil. In summary, this AIR discusses the engine manufacturer’s "Installation Test Code" aspects of engine vibration and proposes an appropriate measurement method.
Standard

Helicopter Mission Definition

1982-11-01
CURRENT
ARP1352
The purpose of this recommended practice is to establish a standard format for the presentation of helicopter mission data, which will provide data required to establish airframe and/or engine component life.
Standard

CONCURRENT DESIGN OF ENGINES AND SPECIFICATIONS OF STARTING SYSTEMS FOR HELICOPTERS

1975-10-01
CURRENT
AIR1296
It is recommended that all helicopter engine development programs include an evaluation of engine starting requirements. The evaluation should include starting requirement effects on helicopter weight, cost, and mission effectiveness. The evaluation should be appropriate to the engine stage of development.
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