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Technical Paper

The Development of Acoustics Compressor Maps and Computational Aeroacoustic Method to Evaluate Turbocharger Inlet Flow Control Devices

The advent of turbochargers and the Eco-Boost technology at Ford in gasoline engines creates new challenges that need to be addressed with innovative designs. One of them is flow induced noise caused by airflow entering the turbocharger during off design operation. At certain vehicle operation conditions, the mass flow rate and pressure ratio are such that compressor wheel can generate a wide range of acoustic frequencies. Characterization of ‘whistles’ or pure tonal noises, ‘whoosh’ or broad band frequency noise caused by flow separation from the blade surfaces, and chirps, where the frequency increases or decreases with time are a few of the common error states. Understanding the fundamental mechanisms of such noise generation is necessary for developing effective countermeasures for the noise source generation. Computational Aero-Acoustic (CAA) analyses are performed to study the effects of inlet and outlet conditions to find the source of the noise.
Technical Paper

Redesign of an Exhaust Manifold Outlet Fastener Using Robust Design Techniques

An L16 orthogonal array parameter Design of Experiment (DOE) evaluated six design parameters of the mating thread interface between the exhaust manifold outlet flange and jointing stainless steel fastener. The objective of this study was to identify optimal parameters for the redesign the thread interface by ensuring 100% seating of the fastener into the manifold flange (here after referred to as stud seating). Since the current fastener and manifold outlet flange interface threads do not always achieve the design objectives, due in part to a form of abrasive wear, consideration was given to develop a testing strategy that would quantify the amount of remaining thread engagement for a given stud length. This testing strategy ensured that the control parameters considered in this experiment would reveal main effects and interactions between the stud and tapped hole threads thus providing the necessary parameters for the redesign on the joint threads.