Numerical Modelling of Primary and Secondary Effects of SLD Impingement
A CFD simulation methodology for the inclusion of the post-impact trajectories of splashing/bouncing Supercooled Large Droplets (SLDs) and film detachment is introduced and validated. Several scenarios are tested to demonstrate how different parameters affect the simulations. Including re-injecting droplet flows due to splashing/bouncing and film detachment has a significant effect on the accuracy of the validations shown in the article. Validation results demonstrate very good agreement with the experimental data. This approach is then applied to a full-scale twin-engine turboprop to compute water impingement on the wings and the empennage.