Simulation of Outer Door Handle and Latch Responses in Side Impact using Component Test Methodology
A dynamic component test methodology using a door sub-system was developed to simulate the outside door handle/latch responses (accelerations and deformations) as in a full-vehicle NHTSA FMVSS 214 side impact test. The test methodology consists of a door sub-system (with door inner components) which is allowed to pivot by means of a hinge at the top of the door. The lateral structural load path affecting the door/rocker response was accounted and simulated (obtained from full-vehicle FE analysis) in this methodology by means of an energy absorbing material (Aluminum honeycomb) of predetermined stiffness. A bullet sled simulating the Moving Deformable Barrier (MDB) surface and stiffness at the same relative location to the door/rocker (as in full-vehicle test) strikes the stationary hinged door at an initial velocity of approx. 30 mph (longitudinal component of crab cart velocity of 33.5 mph).