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Technical Paper

High Capacity Electric A/C Compressor with Integrated Inverter for Hybrid Automotive and Commercial Vehicles

The market growth for electric-hybrid passenger vehicles has been very significant and is expected to reach nearly 25% of all vehicles sold in the US by 2015. Hybrid commercial vehicles are also being developed by several OEM's. This paper discusses the progress of Delphi Thermal Systems in developing an integrated electric compressor drive with high cooling capacity (9 kW+), sufficient for large hybrid SUV's and commercial vehicles such as Class 8 tractors with sleeper. An important driver for use of the electric compressor in the hybrid truck application is the reduction of engine idling time while maintaining comfort in the cab or sleeper. Design details of a compact 5 kW SPM motor, its inverter drive, and issues related to its integration into the compressor housing are described. Test results are given confirming excellent performance.
Technical Paper

Hardware-in-the-Loop Testing for Electrochemical Cells in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Hardware-in-the-Loop (HWIL) testing is a means for validating and verifying component designs in a system context. Most current HWIL work with electrochemical systems for automotive applications has focused on the pack level, providing valuable feedback to system designers. Further benefits are realized by implementing this concept earlier in the development process; applying test vectors to an individual cell, but attenuating the stimulus and feedback to pack levels. This paper reports on a cell-level HWIL system designed to evaluate electrochemical cells and associated subsystems for advanced hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs). The architecture of the system is described along with an example of its application applied to a commercially available supercapacitor and a state-of-charge algorithm in an HEV-based configuration.
Technical Paper

GM's New Silverado and Sierra Heavy Duty Truck with the Duramax 6600 Diesel Powertrain

Vehicle requirements are measurable and define the performance of a system and its design constraints. Requirements are developed and translated from the voice of the buying customer, the voice of the government, and the voice of General Motors. Duramax powertrain subsystem requirements are developed from the vehicle requirements. This “flow down” approach optimizes the vehicle as a system. The packaging envelope, common interfaces, and manufacturing impacts were the outcome of the Vehicle Portfolio Development Process. Project execution was a global development process executed by Isuzu Engineers in Japan, Allison Automatic Transmission Engineers in Indianapolis, ZF Manual Transmission Engineers in Detroit, and General Motors Engineers in Detroit.