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Technical Paper

Analysis of Three-Dimensional Distortions of the Piston Rings with Arbitrary Cross-Section

With consideration of the importance (for oil passing and blow-by) of the issue of three-dimensional deformation of piston rings in a cylinder due to either installation stress, or operational gas, friction, and thermal loads the subject of piston ring distortions still generates continuing interest. The current paper demonstrates application of a mathematical model developed in the former works of the authors for analysis of the distortions of arbitrary cross-section rings loaded by tangential force. Applications of the model to the several typical cross-sections are given for illustration. The work is a necessary step for the development of a comprehensive three-dimensional theory of piston ring installation and operational distortions.
Technical Paper

Analytical Solution of Piston Ring Pack Lubrication for Truck Air Brake Compressor

This paper presents an analytical solution of piston ring pack lubrication for two-cylinder truck air brake compressor. A system of nonlinear equations with seven variables was developed to describe lubrication phenomena of the piston ring pack for both fully flooded and starvation conditions. The full mass conservation boundary conditions defined by JFO ([14],[15]) theory were employed for complete description of the cavitation algorithm with enclosed and open cavitation patterns. Impact of the piston ring design parameters such as offset, crown height, and tension on the oil transport, lubrication conditions and friction losses of the compressor were discussed in details.
Technical Paper

Static and Dynamic Analysis of Bearings for Truck Brake Compressor

Mobility method is used to analyze the steady-state performance of crankshaft and connecting rod bearings which are subjected to loads whose magnitude and direction both vary in time. The steady-state characteristics include journal center orbit, minimum film thickness, maximum film pressure, effective temperature, flow through the bearing, etc. To extract the stiffness and damping coefficients over the load cycle, linear analysis method based on a short-bearing approximation is employed. In addition, the oil flow through the main and connecting rod bearings is investigated. Sufficient lubrication conditions for these bearings are discussed. This combined analysis is supported by numerical simulations. The case studies are based on AlliedSignal's two-cylinder truck air brake compressor, TU-FLO 550, which illustrate the entire approach.