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Technical Paper

High Durable PU Metallic Monocoat system for tractor sheet metal application.

2019-11-21
2019-28-2541
In sheet metal painting for various applications like Tractor, Automobile, most attractive coating is metallic paints and it is widely applied using 3 coats 2 bake or 3 coat 1 bake technology. Both options, results in high energy consumption, higher production throughput time & lower productivity in manufacturing process. During various brainstorming & sustainable initiatives, paint application process was identified for alternative thinking to reduce burden on environment & save energy. Various other industry benchmarking & field performance requirement studies helped us identify the critical to quality parameters. We worked jointly with supplier to develop mono-coat system without compromising the performance & aesthetical properties. This results in achieving better productivity, elimination of two paint layers, substantial reduction in volatile organic content, elimination of one baking cycle and energy saving.
Technical Paper

An alternate cost effective material for rocker arm for heavy commercial vehicles

2019-11-21
2019-28-2550
Rocker arm in internal combustion engine is very important part which transfer the cam motion and force to the valve. In heavy commercial vehicles, the engine components are design for an infinite life (considerable higher than other components). Recently industries are working for light weight and optimized cost material. Hence it is required to have an optimized cost effective design of rocker arm without affecting its performance. A rocker arm should meet the stiffness and strength requirement. The objective of this study is to find out the alternate material for rocker arm which can provide the similar strength & stiffness as conventional rocker arm material. To achieve the performance and cost target, alternate material cast iron has been evaluated for rocker arm. Cast iron is lighter than the forged steel rocker arm, also it has a good frictional characteristic. Further bush is eliminated from the rocker arm assembly due to self-lubricant property of the cast iron rocker arm.
Training / Education

Basics of Silicone Rubber Science and Technology

2019-10-14
Silicone rubber is comprised of inorganic-organic polymers. These materials consist of an inorganic backbone with organic side groups attached to silicon atoms. This family of polymers possesses unmatched versatility giving the formulator and user multiple forms and methods to cross link the polymers into rubber materials having the widest service temperature range of any rubber material. This course is designed to provide the participant with a thorough understanding of silicone’s engineering characteristics.
Article

Stronger, quieter cabs

2019-06-12
Worthington expert sees AHSS and active noise cancellation making off-highway cabs safer and less-stressful places to work.
Technical Paper

Vibro-Acoustic Analysis for Modeling Propeller Shaft Liner Material

2019-06-05
2019-01-1560
In recent truck applications, single-piece large-diameter propshafts, in lieu of two-piece propshafts, have become more prevalent to reduce cost and mass. These large-diameter props, however, amplify driveline radiated noise. The challenge presented is to optimize prop shaft modal tuning to achieve acceptable radiated noise levels. Historically, CAE methods and capabilities have not been able to accurately predict propshaft airborne noise making it impossible to cascade subsystem noise requirements needed to achieve desired vehicle level performance. As a result, late and costly changes can be needed to make a given vehicle commercially acceptable for N&V performance prior to launch. This paper will cover the development of a two-step CAE method to predict modal characteristics and airborne noise sensitivities of large-diameter single piece aluminum propshafts fitted with different liner treatments.
Technical Paper

Optimization of Multi-Layer Panel Constructions Using Experimental Modeling via Transfer Matrix Method

2019-06-05
2019-01-1577
In a previous paper [1], a method was introduced to predict the sound transmission loss (STL) performance of multi-layer panel constructions using a measurement-based transfer matrix method. The technique is unique because the characterization of the poro-elastic material is strictly measurement based and does not require modeling the material. In this paper, it is demonstrated how the technique is used to optimize the STL of lightweight, multi-layer panel constructions. Measured properties of several decoupler materials (shoddy and foam) are combined with sheet metal and barrier layers to find optimal combinations. The material properties are measured with the impedance tube per ASTM E2611 [2].
Standard

Fasteners - Part Standard - Cap Screws, Hex Bolts, and Hex Nuts (Metric)

2019-05-10
CURRENT
J2295M_201905
This SAE Part Standard covers selected metric screws, hex bolts, and nuts manufactured in accordance with American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and SAE fastener standards. This document covers fastener materials often used in ship systems and equipment but its use may be applied wherever fasteners of the covered materials are used. This document permits the fasteners to be identified and ordered by a part or identifying number (PIN) as defined in this document.
Article

NASA highlights material and coating technology ready for commercial applications

2019-05-10
Four of these technologies – smart coatings for corrosion detection and protection, aluminum alloys for high temperature applications, particle contamination mitigation technologies, and thermal and environmental barrier coating systems – are among NASA’s most in-demand technologies and have been applied to mainstream engineering projects.
Training / Education

Metals Bundle

Anytime
Almost 75% of all elements are metals. Metals can be classified as either ferrous or non-ferrous and generally conduct electricity and heat well. Most metals are malleable and ductile and are, in general, heavier than other elemental substances.The following six on-demand courses are included in the Materials bundle.  Each course is approximately one-hour in duration. See Topics/Outline for additional details.
Training / Education

High Temperature Materials Bundle

Anytime
Metals and alloys all have different melting ranges depending on their chemistry. High temperature metals are much harder at room temperature, have exceptionally high melting points (usually above 2000 degree Celsius), and are resistant to wear, corrosion and deformation. The following five on-demand courses are included in the High Temperature Materials bundle.  Each course is approximately one-hour in duration. See Topics/Outline for additional details.
Training / Education

Nonferrous Metals Bundle

Anytime
Nonferrous materials are malleable, are non-magnetic, and have no iron content which gives them higher resistance to rust and corrosion. The following five on-demand courses are included in the Nonferrous Metals bundle.  Each course is approximately one-hour in duration. See Topics/Outline for additional details. Introduction to Physical Properties  This course provides an an overview of manufacturing materials and their physical properties, including thermal, electrical, and magnetic properties and introduces volumetric characteristics, such as mass, weight, and density.
Training / Education

Ferrous Metals Bundle: Steel and Cast Iron

Anytime
Ferrous metals contain iron and are prized for their tensile strength and durability.  Most are magnetic and contain a high carbon content which generally makes them, with the exception of wrought iron and stainless steel, vulnerable to rust. The following seven on-demand courses are included in the Ferrous Materials Bundle: Steel and Cast Iron.  Each course is approximately one-hour in duration. See Topics/Outline for additional details.
Training / Education

Introduction to Materials Bundle

Anytime
The following six on-demand courses are included in the Introduction to Materials bundle.  Each course is approximately one-hour in duration. See Topics/Outline for additional details. Introduction to Physical Properties  This course provides an an overview of manufacturing materials and their physical properties, including thermal, electrical, and magnetic properties and introduces volumetric characteristics, such as mass, weight, and density.
Technical Paper

Thermal Analysis of Steel and Aluminium Pistons for an HSDI Diesel Engine

2019-04-02
2019-01-0546
Chromium-molybdenum alloy steel pistons, which have been used in commercial vehicle applications for some time, have more recently been proposed as a means of improving thermal efficiency in light-duty applications. This work reports a comparison of the effects of geometrically similar aluminium and steel pistons on the combustion characteristics and energy flows on a single cylinder high-speed direct injection diesel research engine tested at two speed / load conditions (1500 rpm / 6.9 bar nIMEP and 2000 rpm/25.8 bar nIMEP) both with and without EGR. The results indicate that changing to an alloy steel piston can provide a significant benefit in brake thermal efficiency at part-load and a reduced (but non-negligible) benefit at the high-load condition and also a reduction in fuel consumption. These benefits were attributed primarily to a reduction in friction losses.
Technical Paper

Composite Components for Vehicle Lightweight: Springs, Wishbones, Low-Cost Hydrogen Tanks, Demise of Astronautic Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessel

2019-04-02
2019-01-1276
SARDOU SAS has invented in 1992 composite “C” springs (patented in 1993), these springs where offering a high energy density of 1350 joules per kilogram (compared to 300 for steel springs). This huge energy density means a potential 78% weight savings! But in the last century, weight saving was less important and platform managers were reluctant to use anything other than coil springs. So, in 2002, in order to comply with their wishes, SARDOU SAS invented composite coils springs. Easy to fit in standard suspensions, Composite coils springs are the optimum choice for McPherson-strut suspensions. As weight saving is now mandatory, composite springs, are the best choice for automotive suspensions, offering a 50% weight saving compared to steel. A Joint Venture, between SARDOU and SOGEFI Suspensions SA called S.ARA, was created in 2008 in order to mass produce composite coils springs; the official Start Of Production happen in 2014 for AUDI.
Standard

Ship Systems and Equipment - Threaded Fasteners - Inspection, Test, and Installation Guidance

2019-02-13
WIP
J2270

This SAE Standard covers both quality assurance and installation requirements for fasteners.

This document establishes engineering criteria and guidance for quality assurance requirements (including Test and Inspection) for procurement of threaded fasteners where such criteria and guidance is not otherwise provided by existing fastener standards or specifications. The document also provides requirements and test procedures for self-locking fasteners including those manufactured by the installing activity.

This document also provides requirements for the selection and use of fastener lubricants, additional corrosion protection treatments, fastener tightening procedures, and the use of thread-locking compounds.

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