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Guidelines for Human Subject Testing

2019-01-02
WIP
AIR6978
The aim of this document is to establish a standardized approach for Human Subject Testing considering varying performance requirements of different user groups on aircraft as Flight Crew, Cabin Crew and Passengers. The document will provide guidance for definition of significant topics relevant to equipment and system certification. The document will include information regarding ethical aspects, criteria to select human subjects for testing, safety of test subjects, requirements to medical personnel to attend tests and in particular if humans are exposed to elevated altitudes. Recommendation will be provided regarding test result monitoring and data validity
Standard

Performance Requirements for Full Face Quick Donning Masks

2018-04-04
WIP
AS6814
Purpose of this standard is to provide minimum performance requirements of a Full Face Quick Donning Mask Assembly (FFQDM) with integrated regulator including appropriate stowage facility regarding functionality under conditions of aircraft environments. Function and performance requirements shall take into account varying modes of use and handling during aircraft operation according to operational requirements.
Standard

Oxygen System and Component Cleaning

2017-12-01
WIP
ARP1176B
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides recommended practices for cleaning aircraft oxygen equipment such as tubing, pieces, parts (including regulator and valve parts), cylinders and ground-based equipment that may be used to support aircraft oxygen systems. This revision introduces a cleanliness coding scheme that can be referenced as a requirement, and/or referenced to identify compliance to meeting such a requirement. These methods may apply to gaseous and liquid oxygen equipment. This document specifies work area details, methods to select suitable cleaning agents, cleaning methods, test methods to verify cleanliness level, and methods of packaging the components and parts after cleaning. Technicians designated to clean oxygen equipment must be qualified and trained to clean oxygen equipment. This ARP is applicable to metallic and non-metallic parts.
Standard

Crewmember Demand Oxygen Mask For Transport Category Aircraft

2017-09-16
WIP
AS8026B
This standard covers oxygen masks and breathing valves used with both panel mounted and mask mounted demand and pressure-demand oxygen regulators. Mask mounted oxygen regulators are covered under other standards, but when the mask mounted regulator incorporates an integral exhalation valve, the performance of this valve shall meet the requirements of this standard.
Standard

Provisions of Medical Oxygen for Aircraft Occupants

2017-01-18
WIP
AIR6190A
This document provides information on provisions for passengers with disabilities on board commercial aircraft. In this context the term "provision of medical oxygen" shall be understood as application of oxygen on board an aircraft not linked to (post) decompression in the sense of Airworthiness Requirements FAR/CS 25 and Operational Regulations of FAR 121/135. Information about available equipment and physiological treatment in clinical practice will be provided in this document. It covers the use of oxygen concentrators according to guidance of FAR Advisory Circular AC120-95.
Standard

Location of Crew and Passenger Oxygen Masks, Portable Oxygen System, and Protective Breathing Equipment

2016-08-01
CURRENT
ARP6390
Various emergency situations may require the dispensing of oxygen to all occupants of aircraft during flight. During an emergency event, depending on the aircraft operational flight capability, all cabin occupants must be serviced by a mask presentation system connected to an operational oxygen source. Several regulations specify the functional characteristics and requirements of the oxygen systems for aircraft in support of different missions. These should be referred to for the exact functional performance requirements. It is not the intent of this document to ensure conformance with these regulations, but only to recommend general concepts for the location of the oxygen masks and oxygen system outlets for proper accessibility by the aircraft occupants, whether cabin occupants or crew members. Different requirements may apply when the mission of the pressurized aircraft or the operational altitude of the aircraft is not in excess of FL250.
Standard

FAR – Regulatory Requirements Covering the Use of Breathing Oxygen in Aircraft

2016-06-22
CURRENT
AIR1389B
This report presents, paraphrased in tabular format, an overview of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) for aircraft oxygen systems. It is intended as a ready reference for those considering the use of oxygen in aircraft and those wishing to familiarize themselves with the systems requirements for existing aircraft. This document is not intended to replace the oxygen related FAR but rather to index them in some order. For detailed information, the user is referred to the current issue of the relevant FAR paragraph referenced in this report.
Standard

Oxygen considerations for flight into high elevation airports

2015-11-30
WIP
ARP6527
The scope of this document is to provide guidance concerning the use of oxygen when flying into and out of high elevation airports. Normally for aircraft operations that fly at high altitude, oxygen requirements involving a decompression are generally easy to understand and follow because of the increased delta between cabin and ambient pressures. This document is intended to address a transition zone where cabin and ambient pressures are closely the same and oxygen usage can be compounded by physiologic subjectivity that often accompanies hypoxia. This transition zone is further diluted by regulations which are based not on science but rather sociological mores often not supported by empirical science. An example of this is reflected by differential regulatory requirements between CFR’s 91, 121 and 135. Operators who fly into these high altitude airports will undoubtedly be required to address the inherent threats and errors associated with this transition zone.
Standard

When and How Shall Oxygen be Used on Aircraft”

2015-09-22
WIP
AIR6256
The aim of this document is to provide a comprehensive synopsis of regulations applicable to aircraft oxygen systems. The context of physiological requirements, international regulations, operational requirements and airworthiness standards is shown to understand the role of aircraft oxygen systems and to demonstrate under which circumstances is needed on aircraft. With regards to National Aviation Regulations States are committed to the Convention on International Aviation (Chicago Convention). The majority of states have adopted, with some deviations, FAA and EASA systems including operational and airworthiness requirements. Accordingly the extent of this document is primarily focused on FAA/EASA requirements.
Standard

Oxygen Sensor Technologies

2014-10-23
WIP
AIR5933
This AIR5933 gives an overview of contemporary technologies to determine the oxygen concentration respectively partial pressure in air. The aerospace application and its special constraints have been emphasized regarding weight, power supply, overall size, reliability and safety, cost and useful life.
Standard

Liquid Oxygen Systems

2014-10-21
WIP
AIR825/5B
This Aerospace Information Report provides general information to aircraft designers and engineers, regarding LOX, its properties, its storage and its conversion to gas. Much useful information is included herein for aircraft designers regarding important design considerations for a safe and effective installation to an aircraft. The associated ground support equipment needed to support operations of LOX equipped aircraft is also discussed. It is important to realize that LOX equipped aircraft cannot be supported unless this support infrastructure is also available. A significant part of this document will address the specific advantages, disadvantages and precautions relating to LOX systems. These are important issues that must be considered in deciding which oxygen system to install to the aircraft. Also, many commercial and military aircraft use aeromedical LOX equipment that is mostly portable equipment.
Standard

Oxygen Mask Assembly, Demand and Pressure Breathing, Crew

2014-10-16
CURRENT
AS452B
This standard covers both general type and quick-donning type mask assemblies in the following classes: a Class A, oronasal, demand b Class B, oronasal, pressure-demand c Class C, full face, demand d Class D, full face, pressure-demand
Standard

Oxygen Systems and Components Maintenance and Service Practices

2014-05-08
WIP
ARP5932
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) will provide general guidelines and procedures for servicing and maintaining oxygen systems. Such methods and procedures may be applied to gaseous, liquid, chemical and portable oxygen systems. These guidelines and recommendations will be provided to engineering and maintenance personnel for airlines, modification centers and third party maintenance contractors, to be used while performing maintenance on oxygen systems and components.
Standard

Guide for Evaluating Combustion Hazards in Aircraft Oxygen Systems

2014-01-29
WIP
AIR825/13A
This guide is intended to promote safe designs, operations and maintenance on aircraft and ground support oxygen systems. This is also a summary of some work by the ASTM G 4 Committee related to oxygen fire investigations and design concerns to reduce the risk of an oxygen fire. There have been many recent technological advances and additional test data is available for evaluating and controlling combustion hazards in oxygen equipment. Standards that use this new information are rapidly evolving. A guide is needed to assist organizations and persons not completely familiar with this process to provide oxygen systems with minimum risks of combustion. This guide does not necessarily address all the detailed issues and provide all data that will be needed. For a complete analysis, supplemental publications need to be consulted. This guide does discuss the basics of oxygen systems fire hazards. The hazard analysis process is discussed and a simple example to explain this process.
Standard

Fuel Versus Oxygen: Evaluations and Considerations

2013-04-04
CURRENT
AIR5648A
Specific federal aviation regulations (Titled 14 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations, or 14 CFR) define oxygen system requirements for an in-flight decompression incident. This AIR addresses the operational oxygen system requirements for a decompression incident that may occur at any point during a long-range flight, with an emphasis for a decompression at the equal time point (ETP). This AIR identifies fuel and oxygen management contingencies, and presents possible solutions for the efficient, safe, and optimum fuel/oxygen flight continuation. Oxygen management is a concern to all aircraft, such as single engine types that fly above 10 000 feet and use supplemental oxygen. This document provides a method which can help guide users in developing an oxygen solution for their aircraft.
Standard

On Board Oxygen Generating Systems - Other Technologies

2013-03-07
WIP
AIR825/7
This AIR provides an overview of several emerging technologies for on board oxygen generation. It complements AIR 825/6, which covers pressure swing adsorption using zeolite molecular sieve beds to concentrate and separate oxygen from atmospheric gases. Topics covered here include use of dense ion conductive ceramics, electrolysis of water, high pressure chemical generation, membrane separations, and use of carbon based molecular seive beds.
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