Optical Diagnostics Investigation on the Effect of Fuel Injection Timing on Partially Premixed Combustion Stratification and Soot Formation in a Single-Cylinder Optical Compression Ignition Engine
The present work investigates the effect of fuel injection timing on combustion stratification and soot formation in an optically accessible, single cylinder light duty diesel engine. The engine operated under low load and low engine speed conditions, employing a single injection scheme. The conducted experiments considered three different injection timings, which promoted Partially Premixed Combustion (PPC) operation. The fuel quantity of the main injection was adjusted to maintain the same Indicated Mean Effective Pressure (IMEP) value among all cases considered. Findings were analysed via means of pressure trace and apparent heat transfer rate (AHTR) analyses, as well as a series of optical diagnostics techniques, namely flame natural luminosity, CH* and C2* chemiluminescence high-speed imaging, as well as planar Laser Induced Incandescence (pLII).