Suspension Trade Studies for Hybrid Electric Combat Vehicles
The University of Texas at Austin Center for Electromechanics (UT-CEM) has been developing advanced suspension technology for high-speed off-road applications since 1993. During the course of the program, advanced simulation techniques, verified by hardware demonstrations, were developed and refined. Based on this experience, UT-CEM conducted a detailed simulation-based comparison of passive, semi-active, and full-active suspension systems for an 18,000 kg (20 ton) 8 x 8 vehicle. Performance metrics are proposed to compare crew comfort, crew effectiveness, on-board equipment effectiveness, and power/energy consumption. This paper presents the methodology and rationale for metrics used in the study, simulation results, and data from this trade study. Results indicate significant advantages offered by well-designed active systems compared to both passive and semi-active, in all metrics.