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Technical Paper

Simulation Tools and Evaluation Criteria for Steering Wheel Feel Improvement of an Electric Power Steering System

Centro Ricerche Fiat in collaboration with Fiat Auto vehicle test department has developed a numerical-experimental procedure in order to support on-road development and fine tuning of a new car with electric power steering. The integration of an electric power steering model, given by the supplier, in a full vehicle model, in order to evaluate steering feel objective quality indices, has allowed to improve vehicle performance in term of steering feel and reduce on-road development time.
Technical Paper

Soft Air Diffusion to Improve the Thermal Comfort - a Design Approach Based on CFD Tool and Virtual Thermal Manikin

The cabin comfort is one of the most competitive issues in the automotive area of business. The thermal comfort and the environmental well-being are fundamental performances that contribute to generate the more general idea of perceived quality. The CRF developed in the past the concept so-called “healthy bubble” that was implemented in the Lancia Dialogos concept car. The passengers are surrounded by an air bubble, created by generating low velocity air flows, that are diffused through the interior panels and components (e.g. dashboard, roof, back of the seats, etc.), and by surfaces temperature control (e.g. carpet, seats, etc.). At present the original idea has generally been accepted, and different solutions to diffuse air and to control surface temperature of vehicle interiors have been proposed by some automotive supplier.
Technical Paper

Stationary Model to Predict Performance of the Car Air Conditioning System Using Only Standard Components Data

A stationary model of a car air conditioning system was developed to evaluate refrigerant, mechanical power and all the fluid properties along the circuit. The model requires only the characteristics of the constituents, which are normally available from suppliers. This approach enables estimation of system performance with satisfactory accuracy, already during the design approach, and allows to determine the most appropriate components in order to meet target requirements with a satisfactory balance of the refrigerant circuit.
Technical Paper

Sound Quality in Cars: New Ideas, New Tools

In recent years, car manufacturers have been shifting their efforts towards improving quality of interior noise, rather than simply reducing noise levels. One of the most important issues, which is today widely accepted, is that noise contains information. Slamming noise should warn us that doors are safely closed, control panel pushbutton “clicks” inform us about the correct turning on of devices, etc.. One of the acoustic researchers' task is therefore to modify the original noise to emphasize quality of information and to reduce annoying components. For these reasons, it is very important to affect noise timbre, by investigating the relationships between mechanical and acoustical parameters. In this paper we describe a workstation (which we have called N.O.T.E.: Noise Optimizator for Thermal Engine) for intake and exhaust system noise synthesis, that integrates an acoustical simulation code with a synthesizer.