Development of Aluminum Cooling System Components for a 10.8 Liter Diesel Engine
Diesel engine builders are faced with a new challenge to lower the weight of engines to increase payload while meeting rigorous durability goals for the engine. Cooling system parts represent a family of components which may be converted to lightweight metallic alloys for significant weight savings. To utilize lightweight alloys, cooling system parts must be engineered to maintain the same durability as the cast iron components they replace. For a modern high speed diesel, the Bl0 design life may be upwards of 1,280,000 kilometers which is a very aggressive target for a new component design. A test program was planned to guide design and development of aluminum (Al) cooling system parts for a new engine. The part must exhibit no corrosion after long duration operating with acceptable coolant. This program included three major phases consisting of bench scale corrosion tests for alloy selection, component rig tests for design verification and engine testing for system reliability.