Assessment of In-Use Solid Particle Number Measurement Systems against Laboratory Systems
Euro VI regulations in Europe and its adaptors recently extended the regulation to include Particle Number (PN) for in-use conformity testing. However, the in-use PN Portable Emissions Measurement System (PEMS) is still evolving and has higher measurement uncertainty when compared against laboratory-grade PN systems. The PN systems for laboratory require a condensation particle counter (CPC). Thus, in this study, a CPC-based Horiba PN-PEMS was selected for performance evaluation against the laboratory-grade PN systems. This study was divided into four phases. The first two phases’ measurements were conducted from the Constant Volume Sampler (CVS) tunnel where the brake-specific particle number (BSPN) levels of 1010-12 and 1013 (#/bhp-h) were measured from the engines equipped with diesel particulate filter (DPF) and without DPF, respectively. In comparison against PN systems, PN-PEMS, on average, reported 14% lower BSPN from 82 various tests for the BSPN levels of 1010-11.